Since the ability of peptidoglycan (PGN) to activate Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) was recently questioned, we reevaluated activation of TLR2 by PGN. Polymeric soluble or insoluble Staphylococcus aureus PGN, repurified by sodium dodecyl sulfate or phenol extraction, activated TLR2 at 0.1 to 1 or 10 μg/ml, respectively, and induced tumor necrosis factor alpha production. The TLR2 activation by PGN, but not by lipoteichoic acid, was abolished by muramidase digestion. We conclude that polymeric S. aureus PGN is a TLR2 activator.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases