The contribution of specific cell types to the production of cytokines that regulate hematopoiesis is still not well defined. We have previously identified T cell- dependent regulation of hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) numbers and cycling. In this report, we demonstrated that HPC activity is decreased in mice with STAT3-deficient T cells, a phenotype that is not because of decreased expression of IL-17 or RORγt. STAT3 expression in T cells was required for IL-21 production by multiple T helper subsets, and neutralization of IL-21 resulted in decreased HPC activity identical to that in mice with STAT3-deficient T cells. Importantly, injection of IL-21 rescued HPC activity in mice with STAT3-deficient T cells. Thus, STAT3- dependent IL-21 production in T cells is required for HPC homeostasis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology