Purpose/Objectives: To critically evaluate and synthesize intervention research related to hot flashes in the context of cancer and to identify implications and future directions for policy, research, and practice. Data Sources: Published, peer-reviewed articles and textbooks; editorials; and computerized databases. Data Synthesis: Although a variety of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments are available, they may not be appropriate or effective for all individuals. Conclusions: The large and diverse evidence base and current national attention on hot flash treatment highlight the importance of the symptom to healthcare professionals, including oncology nurses. Implications for Nursing: Using existing research to understand, assess, and manage hot flashes in the context of cancer can prevent patient discomfort and improve the delivery of evidence-based care.
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