Statewide policies for safer teen driving: An evaluation of the impact of graduated driver licensing in arkansas

Heather L. Rouse, Mary E. Aitken, Stephen D. Lein, Katherine J. Leath, Paul Halverson, Joseph W. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Graduated driver licensing (GDL) requirements aim to reduce the incidence of motor vehicle crashes and crash-related fatalities for novice drivers by limiting their exposure to the most risky driving situations. These programs vary across states in their scope, intensity, and impact. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term impact of the 2009 Arkansas GDL on reducing teen crashes and fatal crashes. METHODS: Arkansas motor vehicle crash data for 2008 and 2010 were compared. Changes in rates per 10,000 licensed drivers were calculated by age, during the night restriction, and for drivers with passengers. W2 analyses were used to test significant differences in rates between pre- And post-GDL years for each age group. RESULTS: Significant decreases in crash rates were found for each age group younger than 19 years, with the largest change evident for 16-year-olds (reduction of 22%). Similar decreaseswere not found for adults 19 years and older. Rates of fatal crashes for 14- to 18-year-olds were reduced 59%. Nighttime crashes and crashes in vehicles driven by teens with more than one unrelated passenger also demonstrated reductions. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of a short-term impact of GDL restrictions on reducing teen driver crashes and fatal crashes in Arkansas. Findings for teen drivers were significantly different from those of adult drivers during the same time frame, further strengthening the results as a function of GDL restrictions as compared with alternative explanations. (J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013;75: S281YS284.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Volume75
Issue number4 SUPPL. 3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Licensure
Motor Vehicles
Age Groups
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Fatal crashes
  • Graduated driver licensing
  • Injury
  • Motor vehicle crashes
  • Teen drivers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Statewide policies for safer teen driving : An evaluation of the impact of graduated driver licensing in arkansas. / Rouse, Heather L.; Aitken, Mary E.; Lein, Stephen D.; Leath, Katherine J.; Halverson, Paul; Thompson, Joseph W.

In: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Vol. 75, No. 4 SUPPL. 3, 01.10.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rouse, Heather L. ; Aitken, Mary E. ; Lein, Stephen D. ; Leath, Katherine J. ; Halverson, Paul ; Thompson, Joseph W. / Statewide policies for safer teen driving : An evaluation of the impact of graduated driver licensing in arkansas. In: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2013 ; Vol. 75, No. 4 SUPPL. 3.
@article{21aa2a4ab5694c1894922d9827e8eda5,
title = "Statewide policies for safer teen driving: An evaluation of the impact of graduated driver licensing in arkansas",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Graduated driver licensing (GDL) requirements aim to reduce the incidence of motor vehicle crashes and crash-related fatalities for novice drivers by limiting their exposure to the most risky driving situations. These programs vary across states in their scope, intensity, and impact. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term impact of the 2009 Arkansas GDL on reducing teen crashes and fatal crashes. METHODS: Arkansas motor vehicle crash data for 2008 and 2010 were compared. Changes in rates per 10,000 licensed drivers were calculated by age, during the night restriction, and for drivers with passengers. W2 analyses were used to test significant differences in rates between pre- And post-GDL years for each age group. RESULTS: Significant decreases in crash rates were found for each age group younger than 19 years, with the largest change evident for 16-year-olds (reduction of 22{\%}). Similar decreaseswere not found for adults 19 years and older. Rates of fatal crashes for 14- to 18-year-olds were reduced 59{\%}. Nighttime crashes and crashes in vehicles driven by teens with more than one unrelated passenger also demonstrated reductions. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of a short-term impact of GDL restrictions on reducing teen driver crashes and fatal crashes in Arkansas. Findings for teen drivers were significantly different from those of adult drivers during the same time frame, further strengthening the results as a function of GDL restrictions as compared with alternative explanations. (J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013;75: S281YS284.",
keywords = "Fatal crashes, Graduated driver licensing, Injury, Motor vehicle crashes, Teen drivers",
author = "Rouse, {Heather L.} and Aitken, {Mary E.} and Lein, {Stephen D.} and Leath, {Katherine J.} and Paul Halverson and Thompson, {Joseph W.}",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/TA.0b013e31828f9967",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "75",
journal = "Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery",
issn = "2163-0755",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "4 SUPPL. 3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Statewide policies for safer teen driving

T2 - An evaluation of the impact of graduated driver licensing in arkansas

AU - Rouse, Heather L.

AU - Aitken, Mary E.

AU - Lein, Stephen D.

AU - Leath, Katherine J.

AU - Halverson, Paul

AU - Thompson, Joseph W.

PY - 2013/10/1

Y1 - 2013/10/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Graduated driver licensing (GDL) requirements aim to reduce the incidence of motor vehicle crashes and crash-related fatalities for novice drivers by limiting their exposure to the most risky driving situations. These programs vary across states in their scope, intensity, and impact. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term impact of the 2009 Arkansas GDL on reducing teen crashes and fatal crashes. METHODS: Arkansas motor vehicle crash data for 2008 and 2010 were compared. Changes in rates per 10,000 licensed drivers were calculated by age, during the night restriction, and for drivers with passengers. W2 analyses were used to test significant differences in rates between pre- And post-GDL years for each age group. RESULTS: Significant decreases in crash rates were found for each age group younger than 19 years, with the largest change evident for 16-year-olds (reduction of 22%). Similar decreaseswere not found for adults 19 years and older. Rates of fatal crashes for 14- to 18-year-olds were reduced 59%. Nighttime crashes and crashes in vehicles driven by teens with more than one unrelated passenger also demonstrated reductions. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of a short-term impact of GDL restrictions on reducing teen driver crashes and fatal crashes in Arkansas. Findings for teen drivers were significantly different from those of adult drivers during the same time frame, further strengthening the results as a function of GDL restrictions as compared with alternative explanations. (J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013;75: S281YS284.

AB - BACKGROUND: Graduated driver licensing (GDL) requirements aim to reduce the incidence of motor vehicle crashes and crash-related fatalities for novice drivers by limiting their exposure to the most risky driving situations. These programs vary across states in their scope, intensity, and impact. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term impact of the 2009 Arkansas GDL on reducing teen crashes and fatal crashes. METHODS: Arkansas motor vehicle crash data for 2008 and 2010 were compared. Changes in rates per 10,000 licensed drivers were calculated by age, during the night restriction, and for drivers with passengers. W2 analyses were used to test significant differences in rates between pre- And post-GDL years for each age group. RESULTS: Significant decreases in crash rates were found for each age group younger than 19 years, with the largest change evident for 16-year-olds (reduction of 22%). Similar decreaseswere not found for adults 19 years and older. Rates of fatal crashes for 14- to 18-year-olds were reduced 59%. Nighttime crashes and crashes in vehicles driven by teens with more than one unrelated passenger also demonstrated reductions. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of a short-term impact of GDL restrictions on reducing teen driver crashes and fatal crashes in Arkansas. Findings for teen drivers were significantly different from those of adult drivers during the same time frame, further strengthening the results as a function of GDL restrictions as compared with alternative explanations. (J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013;75: S281YS284.

KW - Fatal crashes

KW - Graduated driver licensing

KW - Injury

KW - Motor vehicle crashes

KW - Teen drivers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885479860&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84885479860&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/TA.0b013e31828f9967

DO - 10.1097/TA.0b013e31828f9967

M3 - Article

C2 - 23702625

AN - SCOPUS:84885479860

VL - 75

JO - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery

JF - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery

SN - 2163-0755

IS - 4 SUPPL. 3

ER -