Statistics of differential Lissajous EMG for normal occlusion and Class II malocclusion

Toshio Deguchi, Toshifumi Kumai, Lawrence Garetto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations


Differential Lissajous electromyography (DL-EMG), a method of representing the simultaneous EMG values of two paired muscles as a single continuous figure, was used in chewing tests with a sample of Japanese women having normal occlusion compared with a like group of Japanese female adolescents, having Class II, Division 1 malocclusion. For the normal sample, the DL-EMG figures described by the coordinated activity of the bilateral temporal and masseter muscles during chewing gum mastication typically appeared as repetitions of loops. Statistical data were gathered on the total EMG voltages, and on the location, rotational direction, and orientations of the DL-EMG loops when graphed onto Cartesian coordinates. These data were compared with those taken from the Class II sample. Significant differences were observed in the latter group for the EMG voltage levels of the balancing-side masseter muscles. The DL-EMG figures of the Class II group also showed irregularities in the shapes, locations, rotational directions, and orientations of the loops, indicative of irregular masticatory patterns. These data suggest that with sufficient control of factors such as age and sex, electromyography and especially DL-EMG techniques can be useful for characterizing masticatory differences between various occlusal groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-48
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Statistics of differential Lissajous EMG for normal occlusion and Class II malocclusion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this