Stem cell-derived tissue-engineered constructs for hemilaryngeal reconstruction

Stacey L. Halum, Khadijeh Bijangi-Vishehsaraei, Hongji Zhang, John Sowinski, Marco C. Bottino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objectives: As an initial step toward our goal of developing a completely tissue-engineered larynx, the aim of this study was to describe and compare three strategies of creating tissue-engineered muscle-polymer constructs for hemilaryngeal reconstruction. Methods: Cartilage-mimicking polymer was developed from electrospun poly(D,L-lactide-co-caprolactone) (PCL). Primary muscle progenitor cell cultures were derived from syngeneic F344 rat skeletal muscle biopsies. Twenty F344 rats underwent resection of the outer hemilaryngeal cartilage with the underlying laryngeal adductor muscle. The defects were repaired with muscle stem cell-derived muscle-PCL constructs (5 animals), myotube-derived muscle-PCL constructs (5 animals), motor end plate-expressing muscle-PCL constructs (5 animals), or PCL alone (controls; 5 animals). The outcome measures at 1 month included animal survival, muscle thickness, and innervation status as determined by electromyography and immunohistochemistry. Results: All of the animals survived the 1-month implant period and had appropriate weight gain. The group that received motor end plate-expressing muscle-PCL constructs demonstrated the greatest muscle thickness and the strongest innervation, according to electromyographic activity and the percentage of motor end plates that had nerve contact. Conclusions: Although all of the tissue-engineered constructs provided effective reconstruction, those that expressed motor end plates before implantation yielded muscle that was more strongly innervated and viable. This finding suggests that this novel approach may be useful in the development of a tissue-engineered laryngeal replacement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-134
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014


  • Muscle progenitor cell
  • Muscle stem cell
  • Reconstruction
  • Scaffold
  • Tissue-engineered implant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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