It was recently shown that interleukin-6 (IL-6) is produced by bone and bone marrow-derived stromal cells and that it plays an important role in osteoclast development. Here we examined whether parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcitonin (CT), or the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) influence IL-6 production by two murine bone marrow-derived stromal cell lines: the preadipocyte-like stromal cell line +/+ LDA11 and the fibroendothelial stromal cell line MBA 13.2. We found that CGRP (but not PTH or CT) exerted a dose-dependent increase in cAMP and IL-6 production in the +/+ LDAII cells. In addition, CGRP had an inhibiting effect on the proliferation of this stromal cell line. CGRP, however, did not affect cAMP or IL-6 in the rat osteogenic sarcoma cell line UMR-106-06, which exhibits CT receptors, whereas CT stimulated both cAMP and IL-6 by the UMR-106-01 cells. In contrast to the specificity of the IL-6 response of the +/+ LDA11 cells to CGRP, IL-6 production by the MBA 13.2 stromal cells was stimulated by PTH whereas CGRP or CT had no effect. These data suggest that bone marrow-derived stromal cells express receptors for either CGRP or PTH in a phenotype-specific manner and that, acting via these receptors, CGRP and PTH stimulate IL-6 production by stromal cells. In addition, the evidence for specific receptors for the neuropeptide CGRP in bone marrow stromal cells and an effect of CGRP on IL-6 raises the possibility for a role of cytokines in a putative interplay between neuronal stimuli and bone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine