Stimulation of serotonergic neuronal maturation after fetal mesencephalic raphe transplantation into the 5,7-DHT-lesioned hippocampus of the adult rat

Feng Zhou, S. B. Auerbach, E. C. Azmitia

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurotoxin lesioning of 5-HT fibers selectively induced the homotypic collateral sprouting of spared 5-HT fibers in the hippocampus. We have used this model to investigate the possibility that the neurotoxin-primed hippocampus will enhance the development of transplanted fetal serotonergic neurons in the brain. The neurotoxin 5,7-DHT, when microinjected into the FF, produced a specific and partial depletion of 5-HT in the hippocampus of adult rats. The ability of the 5,7-DHT-primed hippocampus to selectively support the neurochemical maturation of fetal serotonergic cells was tested by assaying the transplanted fetal raphe or LC 1 month after neuronal transplantation. The neurochemical maturation of fetal 5-HT and NE neurons was dramatically different when they were transplanted in the 5,7-DHT-FF-lesioned hippocampus as compared to the normal hippocampus. The transplanted 5-HT neurons had 480% more SHAU of [3H]5-HT and had a 250% greater content of 5-HT in the partially denervated hippocampus than in the normal hippocampus after 1 month. Furthermore, extracts obtained from lesioned hippocampus enhanced the 5-HT content of 5-HT neurons transplanted in the normal hippocampus, to a level similar to that seen in neurons transplanted in the lesioned hippocampus. In contrast, the implanted NE neurons of fetal LC had a lower NE level in the 5-HT partially denervated hippocampus than in normal hippocampus after 1 month in the host site. The growth of the NE transplants was not facilitated by the vacant postsynaptic space produced by the 5,7-DHT lesion. These results suggest that the 5-HT denervation triggered a trophic signal selectively enhancing the development of the 5-HT neurons but not the NE neurons. Our results are consistent with previous studies showing homotypic collateral sprouting in 5,7-DHT-primed hippocampus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-152
Number of pages15
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume495
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Rats
Hippocampus
Serotonin
Transplantation
Neurons
Stimulation
Rat
Transplants
Fibers
Serotonergic Neurons
Neurotoxins
Neuron
Denervation
Fetal Development
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

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title = "Stimulation of serotonergic neuronal maturation after fetal mesencephalic raphe transplantation into the 5,7-DHT-lesioned hippocampus of the adult rat",
abstract = "Neurotoxin lesioning of 5-HT fibers selectively induced the homotypic collateral sprouting of spared 5-HT fibers in the hippocampus. We have used this model to investigate the possibility that the neurotoxin-primed hippocampus will enhance the development of transplanted fetal serotonergic neurons in the brain. The neurotoxin 5,7-DHT, when microinjected into the FF, produced a specific and partial depletion of 5-HT in the hippocampus of adult rats. The ability of the 5,7-DHT-primed hippocampus to selectively support the neurochemical maturation of fetal serotonergic cells was tested by assaying the transplanted fetal raphe or LC 1 month after neuronal transplantation. The neurochemical maturation of fetal 5-HT and NE neurons was dramatically different when they were transplanted in the 5,7-DHT-FF-lesioned hippocampus as compared to the normal hippocampus. The transplanted 5-HT neurons had 480{\%} more SHAU of [3H]5-HT and had a 250{\%} greater content of 5-HT in the partially denervated hippocampus than in the normal hippocampus after 1 month. Furthermore, extracts obtained from lesioned hippocampus enhanced the 5-HT content of 5-HT neurons transplanted in the normal hippocampus, to a level similar to that seen in neurons transplanted in the lesioned hippocampus. In contrast, the implanted NE neurons of fetal LC had a lower NE level in the 5-HT partially denervated hippocampus than in normal hippocampus after 1 month in the host site. The growth of the NE transplants was not facilitated by the vacant postsynaptic space produced by the 5,7-DHT lesion. These results suggest that the 5-HT denervation triggered a trophic signal selectively enhancing the development of the 5-HT neurons but not the NE neurons. Our results are consistent with previous studies showing homotypic collateral sprouting in 5,7-DHT-primed hippocampus.",
author = "Feng Zhou and Auerbach, {S. B.} and Azmitia, {E. C.}",
year = "1987",
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T1 - Stimulation of serotonergic neuronal maturation after fetal mesencephalic raphe transplantation into the 5,7-DHT-lesioned hippocampus of the adult rat

AU - Zhou, Feng

AU - Auerbach, S. B.

AU - Azmitia, E. C.

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - Neurotoxin lesioning of 5-HT fibers selectively induced the homotypic collateral sprouting of spared 5-HT fibers in the hippocampus. We have used this model to investigate the possibility that the neurotoxin-primed hippocampus will enhance the development of transplanted fetal serotonergic neurons in the brain. The neurotoxin 5,7-DHT, when microinjected into the FF, produced a specific and partial depletion of 5-HT in the hippocampus of adult rats. The ability of the 5,7-DHT-primed hippocampus to selectively support the neurochemical maturation of fetal serotonergic cells was tested by assaying the transplanted fetal raphe or LC 1 month after neuronal transplantation. The neurochemical maturation of fetal 5-HT and NE neurons was dramatically different when they were transplanted in the 5,7-DHT-FF-lesioned hippocampus as compared to the normal hippocampus. The transplanted 5-HT neurons had 480% more SHAU of [3H]5-HT and had a 250% greater content of 5-HT in the partially denervated hippocampus than in the normal hippocampus after 1 month. Furthermore, extracts obtained from lesioned hippocampus enhanced the 5-HT content of 5-HT neurons transplanted in the normal hippocampus, to a level similar to that seen in neurons transplanted in the lesioned hippocampus. In contrast, the implanted NE neurons of fetal LC had a lower NE level in the 5-HT partially denervated hippocampus than in normal hippocampus after 1 month in the host site. The growth of the NE transplants was not facilitated by the vacant postsynaptic space produced by the 5,7-DHT lesion. These results suggest that the 5-HT denervation triggered a trophic signal selectively enhancing the development of the 5-HT neurons but not the NE neurons. Our results are consistent with previous studies showing homotypic collateral sprouting in 5,7-DHT-primed hippocampus.

AB - Neurotoxin lesioning of 5-HT fibers selectively induced the homotypic collateral sprouting of spared 5-HT fibers in the hippocampus. We have used this model to investigate the possibility that the neurotoxin-primed hippocampus will enhance the development of transplanted fetal serotonergic neurons in the brain. The neurotoxin 5,7-DHT, when microinjected into the FF, produced a specific and partial depletion of 5-HT in the hippocampus of adult rats. The ability of the 5,7-DHT-primed hippocampus to selectively support the neurochemical maturation of fetal serotonergic cells was tested by assaying the transplanted fetal raphe or LC 1 month after neuronal transplantation. The neurochemical maturation of fetal 5-HT and NE neurons was dramatically different when they were transplanted in the 5,7-DHT-FF-lesioned hippocampus as compared to the normal hippocampus. The transplanted 5-HT neurons had 480% more SHAU of [3H]5-HT and had a 250% greater content of 5-HT in the partially denervated hippocampus than in the normal hippocampus after 1 month. Furthermore, extracts obtained from lesioned hippocampus enhanced the 5-HT content of 5-HT neurons transplanted in the normal hippocampus, to a level similar to that seen in neurons transplanted in the lesioned hippocampus. In contrast, the implanted NE neurons of fetal LC had a lower NE level in the 5-HT partially denervated hippocampus than in normal hippocampus after 1 month in the host site. The growth of the NE transplants was not facilitated by the vacant postsynaptic space produced by the 5,7-DHT lesion. These results suggest that the 5-HT denervation triggered a trophic signal selectively enhancing the development of the 5-HT neurons but not the NE neurons. Our results are consistent with previous studies showing homotypic collateral sprouting in 5,7-DHT-primed hippocampus.

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