Stomach cancer risk among black and white men and women: The role of occupation and cigarette smoking

Patricia Brissette Burns, G. Marie Swanson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Scopus citations


    This population-based case-control study assesses the risk of stomach cancer among black and white men and women. The association of occupational risk factors and cigarette smoking with stomach cancer was analyzed using 739 stomach cancer cases and 3750 population controls. Complete occupational and tobacco-use histories were obtained by telephone interview. Significant increases in stomach cancer were observed among black men (odds ratio [OR] = 2.0), white women (OR = 1.7), and black women (OR = 1.4) who had ever smoked. The majority of occupations with significant increases in risk were among white men and included agricultural workers (OR = 2.6), driver sales (OR = 3.8), assemblers (OR = 2.0), mechanics (OR = 2.2), and material movers (OR = 2.9). Black women employed as assemblers (OR = 5.4) and white women employed as food workers (OR = 4.0) also had significant ORs. Evaluating occupations with possible dust exposure, we found no association between dust exposure and stomach cancer.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1218-1223
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
    Issue number10
    StatePublished - Oct 1995


    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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