Stomach cancer risk among black and white men and women: The role of occupation and cigarette smoking

Patricia Brissette Burns, G. Marie Swanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This population-based case-control study assesses the risk of stomach cancer among black and white men and women. The association of occupational risk factors and cigarette smoking with stomach cancer was analyzed using 739 stomach cancer cases and 3750 population controls. Complete occupational and tobacco-use histories were obtained by telephone interview. Significant increases in stomach cancer were observed among black men (odds ratio [OR] = 2.0), white women (OR = 1.7), and black women (OR = 1.4) who had ever smoked. The majority of occupations with significant increases in risk were among white men and included agricultural workers (OR = 2.6), driver sales (OR = 3.8), assemblers (OR = 2.0), mechanics (OR = 2.2), and material movers (OR = 2.9). Black women employed as assemblers (OR = 5.4) and white women employed as food workers (OR = 4.0) also had significant ORs. Evaluating occupations with possible dust exposure, we found no association between dust exposure and stomach cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1218-1223
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume37
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Occupations
Stomach Neoplasms
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Dust
hydroquinone
Population Control
Tobacco Use
Mechanics
Case-Control Studies
Interviews
Food

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Stomach cancer risk among black and white men and women : The role of occupation and cigarette smoking. / Burns, Patricia Brissette; Swanson, G. Marie.

In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 37, No. 10, 1995, p. 1218-1223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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