Strength training following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Eileen Danaher Hacker, Janet Larson, Amber Kujath, David Peace, Damiano Rondelli, Lisa Gaston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Patients receiving high-dose chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) experience considerable reductions in physical activity and deterioration of their health status. Objective: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the effects of strength training compared with usual activity on physical activity, muscle strength, fatigue, health status perceptions, and quality of life following HSCT. Methods: Nineteen subjects were randomized to the exercise or control group. Moderate-intensity strength training began following discharge from the hospital. Dependent variables included physical activity, muscle strength, fatigue, health status perceptions, and quality of life. Variables were measured prior to admission to the hospital for HSCT, day 8 following HSCT, and 6 weeks following discharge from the hospital. Results: Significant time effects were noted for many variables with anticipated declines in physical activity, muscle strength, fatigue, and health status perceptions immediately after HSCT with subsequent improvements 6 weeks following hospital discharge. One group effect was noted with subjects in the exercise group reporting less fatigue than subjects in the control group. Although no significant interactions were detected, the trends suggest that the exercise group may be more physically active following the intervention compared with the usual-activity group. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the potential positive effects of strength training on physical activity, fatigue, and quality of life in people receiving high-dose chemotherapy and HSCT. Implications For Practice: Preliminary evidence is provided for using strength training to enhance early recovery following HSCT. Elastic resistance bands are easy to use and relatively inexpensive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-249
Number of pages12
JournalCancer nursing
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

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Resistance Training
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Exercise
Muscle Fatigue
Health Status
Muscle Strength
Quality of Life
Fatigue
Drug Therapy
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Fatigue
  • Hematopoietic stem cell
  • Physical activity
  • transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Oncology(nursing)

Cite this

Hacker, E. D., Larson, J., Kujath, A., Peace, D., Rondelli, D., & Gaston, L. (2011). Strength training following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Cancer nursing, 34(3), 238-249. https://doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0b013e3181fb3686

Strength training following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. / Hacker, Eileen Danaher; Larson, Janet; Kujath, Amber; Peace, David; Rondelli, Damiano; Gaston, Lisa.

In: Cancer nursing, Vol. 34, No. 3, 01.05.2011, p. 238-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hacker, ED, Larson, J, Kujath, A, Peace, D, Rondelli, D & Gaston, L 2011, 'Strength training following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation', Cancer nursing, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 238-249. https://doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0b013e3181fb3686
Hacker, Eileen Danaher ; Larson, Janet ; Kujath, Amber ; Peace, David ; Rondelli, Damiano ; Gaston, Lisa. / Strength training following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In: Cancer nursing. 2011 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 238-249.
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