Stress analysis of a bulk-filled class-V chemical-cured dental composite restoration

T. R. Katona, M. M. Winkler, J. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


Clinical problems associated with the polymerization shrinkage of dental composite restorations include tooth sensitivity, crown fracture, discoloration, recurrent decay, and loss of restoration. Our goal was to determine whether these complications could be attributed to the transient stresses developed during contraction. Thus, a finite element model was used to calculate the transitory deformations and composite-tooth interface stresses produced during the shrinkage of a chemical-cured ideal Class-V composite restoration. It was found that the interface stress peaks moved with the polymerization front, and that in some instances, their intermediate magnitudes were higher than the final, fully cured, values. Therefore, the results indicate that clinical failure may be related to these transitory changes during the polymerization process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-449
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 1996


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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