Background: Patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction due to coronary artery disease (CAD) may develop stress-induced wall motion abnormalities (SWMA) with low-dose (10 μg/kg/min) dobutamine infusion. The clinical significance of low-dose SWMA is unknown. Objective: We investigated the clinical, hemodynamic and angiographic correlates of low-dose SWMA in patients with chronic ischemic LV systolic dysfunction. Methods: Seventy patients with chronic ischemic LV systolic dysfunction who had dobutamine stress echocardiography were studied. Clinical, hemodynamic, and angiographic parameters at rest and low-dose were compared between 38 patients (mean ejection fraction (EF) of 30 ± 8%) with low-dose SWMA and 32 patients (EF 30 ± 11%) without low-dose SWMA. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that the number of coronary territories with severe disease (stenosis ≥70%)(P = 0.001, RR = 6.3) was an independent predictor of low-dose SWMA. An increasing number of collateral vessels protected patients from low-dose SWMA (P = 0.011, RR = 0.25). A higher resting heart rate was a negative predictor of low-dose SWMA (P = 0.015, RR = 0.92) but no other hemodynamic variables were predictors. In the patients with low-dose SMA, regions with low-dose SWMA were more likely to be supplied by vessels with severe disease than regions without low-dose SWMA (92% vs 58%, P < 0.001). Conclusion: In patients with ischemic LV systolic dysfunction, the extent of severe disease and a lower numbers of collaterals predict the occurrence of low-dose SWMA. Low-dose SWMA is a highly specific marker for severe disease.
- Coronary artery disease
- Stress echocardiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging