Strontium ranelate does not stimulate bone formation in ovariectomized rats

R. K. Fuchs, M. R. Allen, K. W. Condon, S. Reinwald, L. M. Miller, D. McClenathan, B. Keck, R. J. Phipps, D. B. Burr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Strontium ranelate (SrR) is suggested to function as a dual-acting agent in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with anti-resorptive and anabolic skeletal benefits. We evaluated the effects of SrR on the skeleton in ovariectomized (OVX) rats and evaluated the influence of dietary calcium. Methods: Three-month old virgin female rats underwent ovariectomy (OVX, n=50) or SHAM surgery (SHAM, n=10). Four weeks post-surgery, rats were treated daily by oral gavage with distilled water (10 ml/kg/day) or SrR (25 or 150 mg/kg/day) for 90 days. Separate groups of animals for each dose of SrR were fed a low (0.1%) or normal (1.19%) calcium (Ca) diet. Static and dynamic histomorphometry, DXA, μ-CT, mechanical testing, and serum and skeletal concentrations of strontium were assessed. Results: SrR at doses of 25 and 150 mg/kg/day did not increase bone formation on trabecular or periosteal bone surfaces, and failed to inhibit bone resorption of trabecular bone regardless of Ca intake. There were no improvements in bone mass, volume or strength with either dose of SrR given normal Ca. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that SrR at dosages of 25 and 150 mg/kg/day did not stimulate an anabolic bone response, and failed to improve the bone biomechanical properties of OVX rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1331-1341
Number of pages11
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Keywords

  • Animal model
  • Bone mineralization
  • Bone strength
  • Calcium
  • Osteoporosis
  • Strontium ranelate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Fuchs, R. K., Allen, M. R., Condon, K. W., Reinwald, S., Miller, L. M., McClenathan, D., Keck, B., Phipps, R. J., & Burr, D. B. (2008). Strontium ranelate does not stimulate bone formation in ovariectomized rats. Osteoporosis International, 19(9), 1331-1341. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-008-0602-6