Structural studies on bioactive compounds. 34.1 Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of triazenyl-substituted pyrimethamine inhibitors of Pneumocystis carinii dihydrofolate reductase

D. C M Chan, C. A. Laughton, Sherry Queener, M. F G Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The triazenyl-pyrimethamine derivative 3a (TAB), a potent and selective inhibitor of Pneumocystis carinii DHFR, was selected as the starting point for a lead optimization study. Molecular modeling studies, corroborated by a recent crystal structure determination of the ternary complex of P. carinii DHFR-NADPH bound to TAB, predicted that modifications to the acetoxy residue of the lead inhibitor could exploit binding opportunities in the vicinity of an active site pocket bounded by residues Ile33, Lys37, and Leu72. Substitutions in the benzyl moiety with electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups were predicted to probe face-edge interactions with amino acid Phe69 unique to the P. carinii enzyme. New triazenes 10a-v and 12a-f were prepared by coupling the diazonium tetrafluoroborate salt 6b of aminopyrimethamine with substituted benzylamines or phenethylamines. The most potent of the new inhibitors against P. carinii DHFR was the naphthylmethyl-substituted triazene 10t (IC50: 0.053 μM), but a more substantial increase in potency against the rat liver DHFR led to a reduction in selectivity (ratio rat liver DHFR IC50/P. carinii DHFR IC50: 5.36) compared to the original lead structure 3a (ratio rat liver DHFR IC50/P. carinii DHFR IC50: 114).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2555-2564
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume44
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2 2001

Fingerprint

Pneumocystis carinii
Pyrimethamine
Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase
Triazenes
Liver
Rats
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Benzylamines
Phenethylamines
Molecular modeling
Electrons
NADP
Substitution reactions
Salts
Crystal structure
Derivatives
Amino Acids
Enzymes
Lead
Catalytic Domain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

@article{36b76ebcff5044f688ffa5eb5d656df5,
title = "Structural studies on bioactive compounds. 34.1 Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of triazenyl-substituted pyrimethamine inhibitors of Pneumocystis carinii dihydrofolate reductase",
abstract = "The triazenyl-pyrimethamine derivative 3a (TAB), a potent and selective inhibitor of Pneumocystis carinii DHFR, was selected as the starting point for a lead optimization study. Molecular modeling studies, corroborated by a recent crystal structure determination of the ternary complex of P. carinii DHFR-NADPH bound to TAB, predicted that modifications to the acetoxy residue of the lead inhibitor could exploit binding opportunities in the vicinity of an active site pocket bounded by residues Ile33, Lys37, and Leu72. Substitutions in the benzyl moiety with electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups were predicted to probe face-edge interactions with amino acid Phe69 unique to the P. carinii enzyme. New triazenes 10a-v and 12a-f were prepared by coupling the diazonium tetrafluoroborate salt 6b of aminopyrimethamine with substituted benzylamines or phenethylamines. The most potent of the new inhibitors against P. carinii DHFR was the naphthylmethyl-substituted triazene 10t (IC50: 0.053 μM), but a more substantial increase in potency against the rat liver DHFR led to a reduction in selectivity (ratio rat liver DHFR IC50/P. carinii DHFR IC50: 5.36) compared to the original lead structure 3a (ratio rat liver DHFR IC50/P. carinii DHFR IC50: 114).",
author = "Chan, {D. C M} and Laughton, {C. A.} and Sherry Queener and Stevens, {M. F G}",
year = "2001",
month = "8",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1021/jm0108698",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "2555--2564",
journal = "Journal of Medicinal Chemistry",
issn = "0022-2623",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "16",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structural studies on bioactive compounds. 34.1 Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of triazenyl-substituted pyrimethamine inhibitors of Pneumocystis carinii dihydrofolate reductase

AU - Chan, D. C M

AU - Laughton, C. A.

AU - Queener, Sherry

AU - Stevens, M. F G

PY - 2001/8/2

Y1 - 2001/8/2

N2 - The triazenyl-pyrimethamine derivative 3a (TAB), a potent and selective inhibitor of Pneumocystis carinii DHFR, was selected as the starting point for a lead optimization study. Molecular modeling studies, corroborated by a recent crystal structure determination of the ternary complex of P. carinii DHFR-NADPH bound to TAB, predicted that modifications to the acetoxy residue of the lead inhibitor could exploit binding opportunities in the vicinity of an active site pocket bounded by residues Ile33, Lys37, and Leu72. Substitutions in the benzyl moiety with electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups were predicted to probe face-edge interactions with amino acid Phe69 unique to the P. carinii enzyme. New triazenes 10a-v and 12a-f were prepared by coupling the diazonium tetrafluoroborate salt 6b of aminopyrimethamine with substituted benzylamines or phenethylamines. The most potent of the new inhibitors against P. carinii DHFR was the naphthylmethyl-substituted triazene 10t (IC50: 0.053 μM), but a more substantial increase in potency against the rat liver DHFR led to a reduction in selectivity (ratio rat liver DHFR IC50/P. carinii DHFR IC50: 5.36) compared to the original lead structure 3a (ratio rat liver DHFR IC50/P. carinii DHFR IC50: 114).

AB - The triazenyl-pyrimethamine derivative 3a (TAB), a potent and selective inhibitor of Pneumocystis carinii DHFR, was selected as the starting point for a lead optimization study. Molecular modeling studies, corroborated by a recent crystal structure determination of the ternary complex of P. carinii DHFR-NADPH bound to TAB, predicted that modifications to the acetoxy residue of the lead inhibitor could exploit binding opportunities in the vicinity of an active site pocket bounded by residues Ile33, Lys37, and Leu72. Substitutions in the benzyl moiety with electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups were predicted to probe face-edge interactions with amino acid Phe69 unique to the P. carinii enzyme. New triazenes 10a-v and 12a-f were prepared by coupling the diazonium tetrafluoroborate salt 6b of aminopyrimethamine with substituted benzylamines or phenethylamines. The most potent of the new inhibitors against P. carinii DHFR was the naphthylmethyl-substituted triazene 10t (IC50: 0.053 μM), but a more substantial increase in potency against the rat liver DHFR led to a reduction in selectivity (ratio rat liver DHFR IC50/P. carinii DHFR IC50: 5.36) compared to the original lead structure 3a (ratio rat liver DHFR IC50/P. carinii DHFR IC50: 114).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035797367&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035797367&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/jm0108698

DO - 10.1021/jm0108698

M3 - Article

C2 - 11472209

AN - SCOPUS:0035797367

VL - 44

SP - 2555

EP - 2564

JO - Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

JF - Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

SN - 0022-2623

IS - 16

ER -