Structure, function, and regional distribution of the organic cation transporter OCT3 in the kidney

Xiang Wu, Huang Wei, Malliga E. Ganapathy, Haiping Wang, Ramesh Kekuda, Simon J. Conway, Frederick H. Leibach, Vadivel Ganapathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

139 Scopus citations


We examined in this study the expression of the potential-sensitive organic cation transporter OCT3 in the kidney. A functionally active OCT3 was cloned from a mouse kidney cDNA library. The cloned transporter was found to be capable of mediating potential-dependent transport of a variety of organic cations including tetraethylammonium. This function was confirmed in two different heterologous expression systems involving mammalian cells and Xenopus laevis oocytes. We have also isolated the mouse OCT3 gene and deduced its structure and organization. The OCT3 gene consists of 11 exons and 10 introns. In situ hybridization studies in the mouse kidney have shown that OCT3 mRNA is expressed primarily in the cortex. The expression is evident in the proximal and distal convoluted tubules. The expression of OCT3 in human kidney was confirmed by RT-PCR. We have also cloned OCT3 from human placenta and human kidney. Human OCT3 exhibits 86% identity with mouse OCT3 in amino acid sequence. Human OCT3 was found to transport tetraethylammonium and a variety of other organic cations. The transport process was electrogenic. We conclude that OCT3 is expressed in mammalian kidney and that it plays an important role in the renal clearance of cationic drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F449-F458
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number3 48-3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Cationic drugs
  • Gene structure
  • In situ hybridization
  • Renal excretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

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