Structure of the mouse Adh-1 gene and identification of a deletion in a long alternating purine-pyrimidine sequence in the first intron of strains expressing low alcohol dehydrogenase activity

Ke Zhang, William F. Bosron, Howard Edenberg

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Abstract

The ethanol-active alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH-A2) expressed at high levels in mouse liver is encoded by the Adh-1 gene. Inbred strains differ in the amount of ADH-A2 expressed. We report here the cloning and sequencing of the Adh-1 genes from mouse strains that express high and low amounts of ADH-A2 in liver (strains YBR/Ki and Balb/c respectively). The gene contains nine exons, and encodes an ADH-A subunit identical to that encoded by the cDNA isolated from DBA/2J, a strain with low liver ADH activity. This demonstrates that the difference between strains in liver ADH activity is not due to differences in the amino acid sequence of the ADH-A2. The 5'-nontranslated region and at least the first 225 bp 5' to the transcriptional start point are identical in both strains. We have found restriction fragment length polymorphisms in the Adh1 gene that correlate with the level of expression of ADH-A2 in different strains. One of these RFLPs is within a remarkably long (288 bp) strictly alternating purine-pyrimidine sequence located in the first intron. This region in YBR/Ki contains 25 copies of the sequence ATGT(A/G)T (four of them inverted), which closely resembles important elements in the SV40 enhancer region. Balb/c mice, which express Adh-1 at lower levels, have a deletion that removes 101 bp of this sequence and also have several transition mutations; the comparable region has nine fewer ATGT(A/G)T repeats. These results suggest that the difference in gene expression may be due to differences in these hexamers or in other portions of the alternating purine-pyrimidine sequences, rather than in cis-acting sequences in the proximal 5' (promoter) region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalGene
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987

Fingerprint

Alcohol Dehydrogenase
varespladib methyl
Introns
Genes
Liver
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms
Genetic Promoter Regions
Organism Cloning
Amino Acid Sequence
Exons
Ethanol
Complementary DNA
pyrimidine
purine
Gene Expression
Mutation

Keywords

  • exon
  • intron
  • liver
  • phage M13 and λ Charon vectors
  • plasmids
  • promoters
  • Recombinant DNA
  • restriction fragment length polymorphisms
  • Z-DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Structure of the mouse Adh-1 gene and identification of a deletion in a long alternating purine-pyrimidine sequence in the first intron of strains expressing low alcohol dehydrogenase activity",
abstract = "The ethanol-active alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH-A2) expressed at high levels in mouse liver is encoded by the Adh-1 gene. Inbred strains differ in the amount of ADH-A2 expressed. We report here the cloning and sequencing of the Adh-1 genes from mouse strains that express high and low amounts of ADH-A2 in liver (strains YBR/Ki and Balb/c respectively). The gene contains nine exons, and encodes an ADH-A subunit identical to that encoded by the cDNA isolated from DBA/2J, a strain with low liver ADH activity. This demonstrates that the difference between strains in liver ADH activity is not due to differences in the amino acid sequence of the ADH-A2. The 5'-nontranslated region and at least the first 225 bp 5' to the transcriptional start point are identical in both strains. We have found restriction fragment length polymorphisms in the Adh1 gene that correlate with the level of expression of ADH-A2 in different strains. One of these RFLPs is within a remarkably long (288 bp) strictly alternating purine-pyrimidine sequence located in the first intron. This region in YBR/Ki contains 25 copies of the sequence ATGT(A/G)T (four of them inverted), which closely resembles important elements in the SV40 enhancer region. Balb/c mice, which express Adh-1 at lower levels, have a deletion that removes 101 bp of this sequence and also have several transition mutations; the comparable region has nine fewer ATGT(A/G)T repeats. These results suggest that the difference in gene expression may be due to differences in these hexamers or in other portions of the alternating purine-pyrimidine sequences, rather than in cis-acting sequences in the proximal 5' (promoter) region.",
keywords = "exon, intron, liver, phage M13 and λ Charon vectors, plasmids, promoters, Recombinant DNA, restriction fragment length polymorphisms, Z-DNA",
author = "Ke Zhang and Bosron, {William F.} and Howard Edenberg",
year = "1987",
doi = "10.1016/0378-1119(87)90173-9",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "27--36",
journal = "Gene",
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T1 - Structure of the mouse Adh-1 gene and identification of a deletion in a long alternating purine-pyrimidine sequence in the first intron of strains expressing low alcohol dehydrogenase activity

AU - Zhang, Ke

AU - Bosron, William F.

AU - Edenberg, Howard

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - The ethanol-active alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH-A2) expressed at high levels in mouse liver is encoded by the Adh-1 gene. Inbred strains differ in the amount of ADH-A2 expressed. We report here the cloning and sequencing of the Adh-1 genes from mouse strains that express high and low amounts of ADH-A2 in liver (strains YBR/Ki and Balb/c respectively). The gene contains nine exons, and encodes an ADH-A subunit identical to that encoded by the cDNA isolated from DBA/2J, a strain with low liver ADH activity. This demonstrates that the difference between strains in liver ADH activity is not due to differences in the amino acid sequence of the ADH-A2. The 5'-nontranslated region and at least the first 225 bp 5' to the transcriptional start point are identical in both strains. We have found restriction fragment length polymorphisms in the Adh1 gene that correlate with the level of expression of ADH-A2 in different strains. One of these RFLPs is within a remarkably long (288 bp) strictly alternating purine-pyrimidine sequence located in the first intron. This region in YBR/Ki contains 25 copies of the sequence ATGT(A/G)T (four of them inverted), which closely resembles important elements in the SV40 enhancer region. Balb/c mice, which express Adh-1 at lower levels, have a deletion that removes 101 bp of this sequence and also have several transition mutations; the comparable region has nine fewer ATGT(A/G)T repeats. These results suggest that the difference in gene expression may be due to differences in these hexamers or in other portions of the alternating purine-pyrimidine sequences, rather than in cis-acting sequences in the proximal 5' (promoter) region.

AB - The ethanol-active alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH-A2) expressed at high levels in mouse liver is encoded by the Adh-1 gene. Inbred strains differ in the amount of ADH-A2 expressed. We report here the cloning and sequencing of the Adh-1 genes from mouse strains that express high and low amounts of ADH-A2 in liver (strains YBR/Ki and Balb/c respectively). The gene contains nine exons, and encodes an ADH-A subunit identical to that encoded by the cDNA isolated from DBA/2J, a strain with low liver ADH activity. This demonstrates that the difference between strains in liver ADH activity is not due to differences in the amino acid sequence of the ADH-A2. The 5'-nontranslated region and at least the first 225 bp 5' to the transcriptional start point are identical in both strains. We have found restriction fragment length polymorphisms in the Adh1 gene that correlate with the level of expression of ADH-A2 in different strains. One of these RFLPs is within a remarkably long (288 bp) strictly alternating purine-pyrimidine sequence located in the first intron. This region in YBR/Ki contains 25 copies of the sequence ATGT(A/G)T (four of them inverted), which closely resembles important elements in the SV40 enhancer region. Balb/c mice, which express Adh-1 at lower levels, have a deletion that removes 101 bp of this sequence and also have several transition mutations; the comparable region has nine fewer ATGT(A/G)T repeats. These results suggest that the difference in gene expression may be due to differences in these hexamers or in other portions of the alternating purine-pyrimidine sequences, rather than in cis-acting sequences in the proximal 5' (promoter) region.

KW - exon

KW - intron

KW - liver

KW - phage M13 and λ Charon vectors

KW - plasmids

KW - promoters

KW - Recombinant DNA

KW - restriction fragment length polymorphisms

KW - Z-DNA

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U2 - 10.1016/0378-1119(87)90173-9

DO - 10.1016/0378-1119(87)90173-9

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 27

EP - 36

JO - Gene

JF - Gene

SN - 0378-1119

IS - 1

ER -