Submonolayer molecular hydrogen on graphite: A path-integral Monte Carlo study

Kwangsik Nho, Efstratios Manousakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations


We have used path-integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) to simulate molecular hydrogen on graphite at submonolayer coverage. First we use a flat substrate and we study the first layer for various values of the coverage up to layer completion. We found that the first layer has a solid-gas coexistence phase at low densities and a triangular solid phase at and above the equilibrium density ρ0 = 0.0705 Å-2. We also determine that the first layer promotion coverage is at 0.094 Å-2 in agreement with experiment. Second we introduce the full H2-graphite interaction, i.e., we include the effects of substrate corrugations. In this case we carry our PIMC simulations on a variety of systems at and below the 1/3 coverage. We calculate the energy as a function of coverage, contour plots of the molecule probability distribution, the pair distribution function, the static structure function and the specific heat. When the substrate corrugation part of the interaction is included we find that at 1/3 coverage the system is in a √3×√3 commensurate solid phase. At coverages below that and at low enough temperature the system exists in solid clusters surrounded by vapor. At coverages below a critical density, defining a tricrical point, as the system is heated up these clusters melt into a uniform fluid phase. We find that below the commensurate density and above the tricritical point, as the clusters are heated up, first they undergo a transition into a phase where the vapor phase disappears and a commensurate phase with vacancies arises. This commensurate solid melts at higher temperature into a uniform fluid phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115409
Pages (from-to)1154091-11540912
Number of pages10386822
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Mar 15 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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