The authors have developed two subnuclear systems for synthesis of DNA of simian virus 40 in vitro. They prepared chromatin from infected cells by the method of Hancock; these 'chromatin bodies' can be disrupted and large debris can be pelleted, leaving a supernatant ('soluble system'). Both chromatin bodies and the soluble system incorporate deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates into nucleoprotein complexes that contain simian virus 40 DNA. The DNA labeled in short pulses sediments in neutral sucrose gradients slightly faster than mature simian virus 40 DNA, as expected fr replicating intermediate. When rebanded in alkaline sucrose gradients, about half of the radioactivity is found in short strands (200-300 nucleotides) and half in longer strands (up to full viral size). When these systems are supplemented with a cytoplasmic preparation form HeLa cells, synthesis is stimulated about 5 fold, and the short strands are converted into strands of up to full viral length as well as into covalently closed circles. These subnuclear DNA replicating systems should be useful for biochemical fractionation and characterization of some of the proteins required for DNA replication.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1976|
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