Local electrograms from 47 consecutive patients who underwent successful radiofrequency catheter ablation of 49 accessory atrioventricular (AV) connections were analyzed. One hundred twenty-two local electrograms were recorded at 27 successful and 95 unsuccessful sites immediately before radiofrequency catheter ablation of 27 manifest accessory AV connections during preexcited sinus rhythm or atrial pacing. Continuous electric activity was found in 96% of successful sites versus 71% of unsuccessful sites (p < 0.01). Possible accessory pathway (AP) potentials were present only in 15% of successful and 2% of unsuccessful sites, respectively (p < 0.05). All measured time intervals were significantly shorter for successful sites as compared to unsuccessful sites of ablation of manifest accessory AV connections. Unipolar electrograms from the tip of the ablation catheter of each successful and unsuccessful ablation site were available for the last 16 patients with manifest accessory AV connections. A PQS pattern of the unipolar electrogram was associated with a higher success rate, whereas a PrS pattern never resulted in successful ablation of an accessory AV connection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of the local electrogram characteristics of rapidly conducting, concealed accessory AV connections revealed the interval between the onset of the local ventricular and atrial electrogram (VoAo interval) as the only independent variable associated with successful sites for radiofrequency catheter ablation. The only study patient with a slowly conducting, concealed accessory AV connection underwent successful ablation with the first lesion of radiofrequency energy at the site with the shortest VoAo interval. We conclude that (1) the shortest local AV intervals and local ventricular electrograms preceding the earliest onset of the delta wave in any surface lead are predictive of successful ablation of manifest accessory AV connections; (2) the shortest local VA intervals during orthodromic AV reentry tachycardia or right ventricular pacing are predictive of successful ablation of concealed accessory AV connections; and (3) unipolar recordings from the tip of the ablation catheter should be recorded routinely during mapping of manifest accessory AV connections to identify appropriate target sites for radiofrequency energy applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine