Background: When the stomach is not available, long-segment esophageal reconstruction remains a surgical challenge. Since 2005, we have used a "supercharged" isoperistaltic colon interposition conduit for long-segment esophageal reconstruction that reestablishes a dual blood supply. Methods: An institutional database search of 449 patients who underwent esophagectomy from 2005 to 2012 identified 11 consecutive patients who underwent long-segment esophageal reconstruction using an isoperistaltic supercharged right (n = 9) or left (n = 2) colon conduit. All conduits were routed through the anterior mediastinum, maintaining the middle colic (right) or ascending left colic vessels (left) in situ, with reimplantation of the ileocolic vessels (right) or middle colic vessels (left) into the left internal thoracic artery and brachiocephalic vein to improve distal conduit blood flow. Results: Patients were a mean age of 64 years (range, 47 to 76 years). Seven patients had a history of malignancy and 4 had a benign process. The stomach was unavailable for reconstruction due to prior gastric operations (n = 9) or neoplastic involvement (n = 2). All reimplanted vessels demonstrated excellent flow by Doppler evaluation. Esophagocolonic healing was successful in all patients; however, 1 patient required a temporary stent. Conclusions: Supercharged isoperistaltic colon interposition appears to be an excellent option for the challenging situation where long-segment esophageal reconstruction is needed and the stomach is not available. The additional effort required to reestablish a dual blood supply appears justified to minimize ischemic-related morbidity. Unlike long-segment small bowel "supercharged" techniques, adequate blood supply to the distal conduit may still be present in case thrombosis of the reimplanted vessels occurs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine