Superior Therapeutic Efficacy of Nanoparticle Albumin Bound Paclitaxel Over Cremophor-Bound Paclitaxel in Experimental Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

Md Sazzad Hassan, Niranjan Awasthi, Jun Li, Fiona Williams, Margaret A. Schwarz, Roderich E. Schwarz, Urs von Holzen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is the fastest growing cancer in the western world and the overall 5 year survival rate of EAC is below 20%. Most patients with EAC present with locally advanced or widespread metastatic disease, where current treatment is largely ineffective. Therefore, new therapeutic approaches are urgently needed. Nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) is a novel albumin-stabilized, cremophor-free and water soluble nanoparticle formulation of paclitaxel, and the potential role of nab-paclitaxel has not been tested yet in experimental EAC. Here we tested the antiproliferative and antitumor efficacy with survival advantage of nab-paclitaxel as monotherapy and in combinations in in-vitro, and in murine subcutaneous xenograft and peritoneal metastatic survival models of human EAC. Nab-paclitaxel significantly inhibited in-vitro cell proliferation with higher in-vivo antitumour efficacy and survival benefit compared to paclitaxel or carboplatin treatments both in mono- and combination therapies. Nab-paclitaxel treatment increased expression of mitotic-spindle associated phospho-stathmin, decreased expression of proliferative markers and enhanced apoptosis. This study demonstrates that nab-paclitaxel had stronger antiproliferative and antitumor activity in experimental EAC than the current standard chemotherapeutic agents which supports the rationale for its clinical use in EAC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)426-435
Number of pages10
JournalTranslational Oncology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Superior Therapeutic Efficacy of Nanoparticle Albumin Bound Paclitaxel Over Cremophor-Bound Paclitaxel in Experimental Esophageal Adenocarcinoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this