Supersensitivity of the sinus (SAN) and atrioventricular (AVN) nodes to acetylcholine (ACh) after parasympathetic denervation has not been demonstrated conclusively. In this study, we denervated the SAN and AVN by surgically removing parasympathetic ganglia and painting the area with phenol. Sham dogs underwent thoracotomy without denervation. Four to 9 days later, vagal denervation was proved by supramaximal bilateral vagal stimulation, which prolonged the sinus cycle length (SCL) only 32 ± 7% (means ± SE) and the AVN conduction time (AH interval) 15 ± 7% in denervated dogs. We tested for supersensitivity by obtaining dose-response curves to ACh (1 ml, 10-8.0 to 10-4.0 M in 100.5 steps) infused over 15 s into the sinus nodal and posterior septal arteries in open chest-denervated (Den) dogs and in sham-operated (Sham) dogs that were anesthetized with α-chloralose. ACh concentration (Log[ACh],M) required to prolong SCL 50, 100, and 300% was -5.7 ± 0.1, -5.6 ± 0.1, and -5.4 ± 0.1 in 10 Sham dogs vs. -6.4 ± 0.1 (P < 0.001), -6.3 ± 0.1 (P < 0.001) and -6.1 ± 0.1 (P < 0.001) in 11 Den dogs. ACh concentration necessary to produce second degree and complete AV block was -5.7 ± 0.1 and -5.3 ± 0.1 in 11 Sham dogs vs. -6.3 ± 0.1 (P < 0.001) and -5.8 ± 0.1 (P < 0.01) in 10 Den dogs. Because significantly lower doses of ACh prolonged SCL or produced AV block in Den compared with Sham dogs, we conclude that dogs with vagally denervated SAN and AVN develop a supersensitive response to ACh.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)