Suppression of mouse myelopoiesis by administration of human lactoferrin in vivo and the comparative action of human transferrin

P. Gentile, Hal Broxmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purified human lactoferrin was assessed for its influence in vivo in untreated mice and in mice undergoing rebound myelopoiesis after sublethal dosages of Cytoxan. Fully iron-saturated lactoferrin suppressed the numbers of granulocytes and monocytes per femur, the numbers of granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells (CFU-GM) per femur and spleen, and decreased the cycle status of femoral and splenic CFU-GM. These effects were detected after administration of lactoferrin i.v. or i.p. into untreated and Cytoxan-treated mice. The suppressive effects on cellularity and numbers of CFU-GM per femur were apparent to a greater degree in mice treated with Cytoxan, and the i.v. route appeared preferable to the i.p. route. Heat-treated lactoferrin, inactive in vitro, was inactive in vivo, but iron-depleted (apo-) lactoferrin, inactive in vitro, was active in vivo, suggesting that the apo-lactoferrin acquired the iron in vivo that was necessary to change it into an active form. Titration of the effects of lactoferrin in Cytoxan-treated mice demonstrated a plateau curve of suppression of nucleated cells and CFU-GM per femur with dosages ranging from 100 μg to 10-4 μg lactoferrin per mouse, with loss of activity at 10-5 μg. The suppressive effect of lactoferrin on cycle status of CFU-GM required concentrations of 10 μg or higher. The effects of lactoferrin were reversible with time, with the suppressive influence on cycling status being lost before that on numbers of CFU-GM per femur. Purified human transferrin was also assessed for its influence in mice undergoing rebound myelopoiesis. Transferrin decreased the nucleated cellularity and the number of CFU-GM per femur and per spleen, but had little or no influence on the cycling status of CFU-GM and differed in its temporal effect on myelopoiesis from that of lactoferrin. These results suggest that lactoferrin and transferrin suppress the number of progenitor cells moving into the CFU-GM compartment and lactoferrin suppresses the cycling status of cells within the CFU-GM compartment. These effects are probably mediated by an action on the production of factors necessary for movement of cells into, and cell cycling within, the CFU-GM compartment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)982-993
Number of pages12
JournalBlood
Volume61
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

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Myelopoiesis
Granulocyte-Macrophage Progenitor Cells
Lactoferrin
Transferrin
Femur
Cyclophosphamide
Iron
Spleen
Macrophages
Thigh
Granulocytes
Titration
Cell Movement
Monocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

Suppression of mouse myelopoiesis by administration of human lactoferrin in vivo and the comparative action of human transferrin. / Gentile, P.; Broxmeyer, Hal.

In: Blood, Vol. 61, No. 5, 1983, p. 982-993.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Purified human lactoferrin was assessed for its influence in vivo in untreated mice and in mice undergoing rebound myelopoiesis after sublethal dosages of Cytoxan. Fully iron-saturated lactoferrin suppressed the numbers of granulocytes and monocytes per femur, the numbers of granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells (CFU-GM) per femur and spleen, and decreased the cycle status of femoral and splenic CFU-GM. These effects were detected after administration of lactoferrin i.v. or i.p. into untreated and Cytoxan-treated mice. The suppressive effects on cellularity and numbers of CFU-GM per femur were apparent to a greater degree in mice treated with Cytoxan, and the i.v. route appeared preferable to the i.p. route. Heat-treated lactoferrin, inactive in vitro, was inactive in vivo, but iron-depleted (apo-) lactoferrin, inactive in vitro, was active in vivo, suggesting that the apo-lactoferrin acquired the iron in vivo that was necessary to change it into an active form. Titration of the effects of lactoferrin in Cytoxan-treated mice demonstrated a plateau curve of suppression of nucleated cells and CFU-GM per femur with dosages ranging from 100 μg to 10-4 μg lactoferrin per mouse, with loss of activity at 10-5 μg. The suppressive effect of lactoferrin on cycle status of CFU-GM required concentrations of 10 μg or higher. The effects of lactoferrin were reversible with time, with the suppressive influence on cycling status being lost before that on numbers of CFU-GM per femur. Purified human transferrin was also assessed for its influence in mice undergoing rebound myelopoiesis. Transferrin decreased the nucleated cellularity and the number of CFU-GM per femur and per spleen, but had little or no influence on the cycling status of CFU-GM and differed in its temporal effect on myelopoiesis from that of lactoferrin. These results suggest that lactoferrin and transferrin suppress the number of progenitor cells moving into the CFU-GM compartment and lactoferrin suppresses the cycling status of cells within the CFU-GM compartment. These effects are probably mediated by an action on the production of factors necessary for movement of cells into, and cell cycling within, the CFU-GM compartment.",
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N2 - Purified human lactoferrin was assessed for its influence in vivo in untreated mice and in mice undergoing rebound myelopoiesis after sublethal dosages of Cytoxan. Fully iron-saturated lactoferrin suppressed the numbers of granulocytes and monocytes per femur, the numbers of granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells (CFU-GM) per femur and spleen, and decreased the cycle status of femoral and splenic CFU-GM. These effects were detected after administration of lactoferrin i.v. or i.p. into untreated and Cytoxan-treated mice. The suppressive effects on cellularity and numbers of CFU-GM per femur were apparent to a greater degree in mice treated with Cytoxan, and the i.v. route appeared preferable to the i.p. route. Heat-treated lactoferrin, inactive in vitro, was inactive in vivo, but iron-depleted (apo-) lactoferrin, inactive in vitro, was active in vivo, suggesting that the apo-lactoferrin acquired the iron in vivo that was necessary to change it into an active form. Titration of the effects of lactoferrin in Cytoxan-treated mice demonstrated a plateau curve of suppression of nucleated cells and CFU-GM per femur with dosages ranging from 100 μg to 10-4 μg lactoferrin per mouse, with loss of activity at 10-5 μg. The suppressive effect of lactoferrin on cycle status of CFU-GM required concentrations of 10 μg or higher. The effects of lactoferrin were reversible with time, with the suppressive influence on cycling status being lost before that on numbers of CFU-GM per femur. Purified human transferrin was also assessed for its influence in mice undergoing rebound myelopoiesis. Transferrin decreased the nucleated cellularity and the number of CFU-GM per femur and per spleen, but had little or no influence on the cycling status of CFU-GM and differed in its temporal effect on myelopoiesis from that of lactoferrin. These results suggest that lactoferrin and transferrin suppress the number of progenitor cells moving into the CFU-GM compartment and lactoferrin suppresses the cycling status of cells within the CFU-GM compartment. These effects are probably mediated by an action on the production of factors necessary for movement of cells into, and cell cycling within, the CFU-GM compartment.

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