Over the last 6 years, 114 patients have undergone surgery for urinary incontinence. The majority (79%) had neurologic dysfunction of the bladder because of spinal malformation (myelodysplasia, sacral agenesis, or trauma) and the remaining were a mixed group including exstrophy/epispadias, urethral valves, pelvic fractures, etc. The patients were grouped in six categories. Those with lower urethral resistance underwent bladder neck reconstruction with Young-Dees-Leadbetter procedure (five patients) or had placement of an artifical urinary sphincter (27 patients). Those with poor bladder compliance underwent primary bladder augmentation (21 patients). Those with combined urethral problems and poor compliance had combined procedures (14 patients). Thirty-seven patients previously diverted for incontinence and undergoing undiversion were considered separately, as were ten patients without any bladder precluding preoperative assessment. Of the entire group, continence was achieved in 83 patients with the initial procedure (73%). Secondary procedures have resulted in continence in 101 patients (89%). Three patients were improved but unsatisfactory, and nine remain wet; one is unknown.
- urinary sphincter
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health