Surgical treatment of 127 anterior choroidal artery aneurysms

A cohort study of resultant ischemic complications

Bradley N. Bohnstedt, William J. Kemp, Yiping Li, Troy D. Payner, Terry G. Horner, Thomas J. Leipzig, Aaron Cohen-Gadol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The anterior choroidal artery (AChA) supplies important areas of the nervous system, particularly the posterior limb of the internal capsule and optic radiation. Treatment of AChA aneurysms poses particular challenges because of the complex anatomy of the aneurysm associated with the relatively small diameter of AChAs, making preservation of the parent vessel during clip ligation or endosaccular coiling challenging. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and features of ischemia in treatment of AChA aneurysms. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of patients who underwent treatment of aneurysms from 1985 to 2011 was queried to find patients with AChA aneurysms. Age, sex, Hunt and Hess grade, treatment modality, and complications were analyzed by use of the unpaired Student t test and Fisher exact test. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-two patients harbored 127 AChA aneurysms, and 67% (82 of 122) had multiple aneurysms. Treatment included 112 microsurgical clip ligations, 8 endosaccular coil embolizations, 5 aneurysmal wrappings, and 2 surgical explorations. Complications developed in 53% (67 of 127) of AChA aneurysms. Postoperative ischemia occurred in 12% (15 of 127) of treated aneurysms. The number of temporary clip applications was most closely associated with postoperative ischemia. Glasgow Outcome Scale scores of 4 or 5 were obtained by 78% at discharge, 89% at 6 months, and 85% at 1 year. CONCLUSION: The ischemic complication rate from surgical treatment of AChA aneurysms is most closely associated with higher frequency of temporary clip applications for proximal control and may be lower than previously reported. Supplementary intraoperative tools and limitation of vessel manipulation should be used to improve outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)933-940
Number of pages8
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Fingerprint

Aneurysm
Cohort Studies
Arteries
Surgical Instruments
Therapeutics
Ischemia
Ligation
Glasgow Outcome Scale
Internal Capsule
Nervous System
Anatomy
Extremities
Databases
Radiation
Students
Incidence

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Anterior choroidal artery
  • Clip ligation
  • Ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Surgical treatment of 127 anterior choroidal artery aneurysms : A cohort study of resultant ischemic complications. / Bohnstedt, Bradley N.; Kemp, William J.; Li, Yiping; Payner, Troy D.; Horner, Terry G.; Leipzig, Thomas J.; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron.

In: Neurosurgery, Vol. 73, No. 6, 12.2013, p. 933-940.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bohnstedt, Bradley N. ; Kemp, William J. ; Li, Yiping ; Payner, Troy D. ; Horner, Terry G. ; Leipzig, Thomas J. ; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron. / Surgical treatment of 127 anterior choroidal artery aneurysms : A cohort study of resultant ischemic complications. In: Neurosurgery. 2013 ; Vol. 73, No. 6. pp. 933-940.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: The anterior choroidal artery (AChA) supplies important areas of the nervous system, particularly the posterior limb of the internal capsule and optic radiation. Treatment of AChA aneurysms poses particular challenges because of the complex anatomy of the aneurysm associated with the relatively small diameter of AChAs, making preservation of the parent vessel during clip ligation or endosaccular coiling challenging. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and features of ischemia in treatment of AChA aneurysms. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of patients who underwent treatment of aneurysms from 1985 to 2011 was queried to find patients with AChA aneurysms. Age, sex, Hunt and Hess grade, treatment modality, and complications were analyzed by use of the unpaired Student t test and Fisher exact test. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-two patients harbored 127 AChA aneurysms, and 67{\%} (82 of 122) had multiple aneurysms. Treatment included 112 microsurgical clip ligations, 8 endosaccular coil embolizations, 5 aneurysmal wrappings, and 2 surgical explorations. Complications developed in 53{\%} (67 of 127) of AChA aneurysms. Postoperative ischemia occurred in 12{\%} (15 of 127) of treated aneurysms. The number of temporary clip applications was most closely associated with postoperative ischemia. Glasgow Outcome Scale scores of 4 or 5 were obtained by 78{\%} at discharge, 89{\%} at 6 months, and 85{\%} at 1 year. CONCLUSION: The ischemic complication rate from surgical treatment of AChA aneurysms is most closely associated with higher frequency of temporary clip applications for proximal control and may be lower than previously reported. Supplementary intraoperative tools and limitation of vessel manipulation should be used to improve outcomes.",
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AU - Bohnstedt, Bradley N.

AU - Kemp, William J.

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AU - Horner, Terry G.

AU - Leipzig, Thomas J.

AU - Cohen-Gadol, Aaron

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N2 - BACKGROUND: The anterior choroidal artery (AChA) supplies important areas of the nervous system, particularly the posterior limb of the internal capsule and optic radiation. Treatment of AChA aneurysms poses particular challenges because of the complex anatomy of the aneurysm associated with the relatively small diameter of AChAs, making preservation of the parent vessel during clip ligation or endosaccular coiling challenging. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and features of ischemia in treatment of AChA aneurysms. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of patients who underwent treatment of aneurysms from 1985 to 2011 was queried to find patients with AChA aneurysms. Age, sex, Hunt and Hess grade, treatment modality, and complications were analyzed by use of the unpaired Student t test and Fisher exact test. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-two patients harbored 127 AChA aneurysms, and 67% (82 of 122) had multiple aneurysms. Treatment included 112 microsurgical clip ligations, 8 endosaccular coil embolizations, 5 aneurysmal wrappings, and 2 surgical explorations. Complications developed in 53% (67 of 127) of AChA aneurysms. Postoperative ischemia occurred in 12% (15 of 127) of treated aneurysms. The number of temporary clip applications was most closely associated with postoperative ischemia. Glasgow Outcome Scale scores of 4 or 5 were obtained by 78% at discharge, 89% at 6 months, and 85% at 1 year. CONCLUSION: The ischemic complication rate from surgical treatment of AChA aneurysms is most closely associated with higher frequency of temporary clip applications for proximal control and may be lower than previously reported. Supplementary intraoperative tools and limitation of vessel manipulation should be used to improve outcomes.

AB - BACKGROUND: The anterior choroidal artery (AChA) supplies important areas of the nervous system, particularly the posterior limb of the internal capsule and optic radiation. Treatment of AChA aneurysms poses particular challenges because of the complex anatomy of the aneurysm associated with the relatively small diameter of AChAs, making preservation of the parent vessel during clip ligation or endosaccular coiling challenging. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and features of ischemia in treatment of AChA aneurysms. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of patients who underwent treatment of aneurysms from 1985 to 2011 was queried to find patients with AChA aneurysms. Age, sex, Hunt and Hess grade, treatment modality, and complications were analyzed by use of the unpaired Student t test and Fisher exact test. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-two patients harbored 127 AChA aneurysms, and 67% (82 of 122) had multiple aneurysms. Treatment included 112 microsurgical clip ligations, 8 endosaccular coil embolizations, 5 aneurysmal wrappings, and 2 surgical explorations. Complications developed in 53% (67 of 127) of AChA aneurysms. Postoperative ischemia occurred in 12% (15 of 127) of treated aneurysms. The number of temporary clip applications was most closely associated with postoperative ischemia. Glasgow Outcome Scale scores of 4 or 5 were obtained by 78% at discharge, 89% at 6 months, and 85% at 1 year. CONCLUSION: The ischemic complication rate from surgical treatment of AChA aneurysms is most closely associated with higher frequency of temporary clip applications for proximal control and may be lower than previously reported. Supplementary intraoperative tools and limitation of vessel manipulation should be used to improve outcomes.

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