OBJECTIVE: The optimal treatment for patients with localized muscle-infiltrating urothelial carcinoma (Jewett stage B or T2-T3a of the TNM classification, UICC 1992) continues to be a controversy. The present study analyzed the survival rate in patients with stage T2-T3a bladder cancer who had been treated by radical cystectomy. METHODS: The records of 50 patients with T2-T3a NO tumor, submitted to pelvic lymphadenectomy and radical cystoprostatectomy, were reviewed to determine the prognosis in this group of patients. Seventeen patients (34%) received three courses of systemic chemotherapy (CMV) prior to cystectomy. RESULTS: The overall 5-year survival rate was 73%; 76% for those with T2 (n = 30) and 67% for those with T3a (n = 20) (log-rank, p = 0.27). No statistically significant differences were observed for age (less than or over 65 years), tumor growth pattern (papillary or flat), tumor size (less or greater than 5 cms) or treatment (with or without induction CMV). However, patients with G1-2 tumor had a better survival rate (94% at 5 years) than those with G3 tumor (51%), a difference with statistical significance (log-rank, p = 0.047). The Cox regression analysis showed no independent variable of prognostic significance. CONCLUSION: Muscle-infiltrating urothelial carcinoma is highly curable by radical surgery. Some authors believe it is unnecessary to distinguish T2-T3a lesions; therefore a critical review of the TNM classification appears to be warranted. We are unable to distinguish patients with a better prognosis that might benefit from less aggressive therapeutic options. Similarly, the therapeutic benefits of induction chemotherapy prior to cystectomy in patients with stage T2-T3a tumor could not be demonstrated.
|Pages (from-to)||17-23; discussion 24-25|
|Journal||Archivos españoles de urología|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
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