Purpose: To investigate the clinical, perimetric, and electrophysiologic findings in patients with visual field loss on long-term treatment with the antiepileptic medication vigabatrin. Design: Consecutive observational case series. Participants: Forty-one consecutive subjects taking vigabatrin referred for screening ophthalmologic assessment were studied. Twelve subjects with evidence of peripheral visual field constriction are presented. Methods: Twelve subjects with evidence of peripheral visual field constriction on 60-4 perimetry underwent central 30-2 and blue-on-yellow (B/Y) perimetry, as well as electroretinography (ERG), electro-oculography (EOG), and visual-evoked potential (VEP) testing. Main Outcome Measures: Visual acuity; fundus abnormalities; visual field loss; and ERG, EOG, or VEP abnormalities were the main outcome measures. Results: Eight of the 12 subjects with constricted visual fields were asymptomatic. The central 30-2 perimetry demonstrated bilateral visual field constriction in 9 of 12 patients and the B/Y perimetry in 8 of 9 patients tested. Of the ten patients tested electrophysiologically, four had abnormal ERGs, five had abnormal EOGs, and three had delayed VEPs. Conclusions: The incidence of visual field constriction in patients taking vigabatrin may be higher, and asymptomatic visual field loss more common, than reported previously. The authors postulate a possible Muller cell dysfunction in the peripheral retina. Patients taking vigabatrin should have regular peripheral visual field examinations.
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