Symptoms of post-traumatic stress: Intrusion and avoidance 6 and 12 months after TBI

Arlene I. Greenspan, Anthony Y. Stringer, V. L. Phillips, Flora Hammond, Felicia C. Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primary objectives: (1) To examine survivors with traumatic brain injury (TBI) for symptoms of avoidance and intrusion, two dimensions of post-traumatic stress (PTS) at 6 and 12 months post-injury. (2) To identify risk factors associated with these symptoms. Research design: Prospective follow-up study. Methods and procedures: Georgia and North Carolina Model Brain Injury Systems participants (n=198) with mild (19%), moderate (21%) and severe (60%) TBI were interviewed by telephone at 6 and 12 months post-injury. The Impact of Event Scale (IES) was used to identify intrusion and avoidance symptoms. Results: Symptoms consistent with severe PTS increased from 11% at 6 months to 16% 12 months post-injury (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)733-742
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Injury
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Wounds and Injuries
Telephone
Brain Injuries
Research Design
Traumatic Brain Injury

Keywords

  • Amnesia
  • Follow-up studies
  • Impact of events scale
  • Post-traumatic stress symptoms
  • Risk factors
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Symptoms of post-traumatic stress : Intrusion and avoidance 6 and 12 months after TBI. / Greenspan, Arlene I.; Stringer, Anthony Y.; Phillips, V. L.; Hammond, Flora; Goldstein, Felicia C.

In: Brain Injury, Vol. 20, No. 7, 06.2006, p. 733-742.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Greenspan, Arlene I. ; Stringer, Anthony Y. ; Phillips, V. L. ; Hammond, Flora ; Goldstein, Felicia C. / Symptoms of post-traumatic stress : Intrusion and avoidance 6 and 12 months after TBI. In: Brain Injury. 2006 ; Vol. 20, No. 7. pp. 733-742.
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