Synergistic effects of purified recombinant human and murine B cell growth factor-1/IL-4 on colony formation in vitro by hematopoietic progenitor cells: Multiple actions

H. E. Broxmeyer, L. Lu, S. Cooper, R. Tushinski, D. Mochizuki, B. Y. Rubin, S. Gillis, D. E. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Scopus citations


Purified recombinant human B cell growth factor-1/IL-4 was evaluated, alone and in combination, with purified preparations of recombinant human (rhu) CSF or erythropoietin (Epo) for effects on colony formation by human bone marrow CFU-GM progenitor cells (GM) and burst forming unit-E progenitor cells. rhu IL-4 synergized with rhu G-CSF to enhance granulocyte colony formation, but had no effect on CFU-GM colony formation stimulated by rhu GM-CSF, rhu IL-3, or rhu CSF-1. Rhu IL-4 synergized with Epo to enhance BFU-E colony formation equal to that of Epo plus either rhu IL-3, rhu GM-CSF, or rhu G-CSF. Removal of adherent cells and T lymphocytes did not influence the synergistic activities of rhu IL-4. Rmu IL-4, synergized with rhu G-CSF, but not with rmu GM-CSF, rmu IL-3, or natural rmu mu CSF-1, to enhance CFU-GM (mainly granulocyte) colony numvers by a >90% pure preparation of murine CFU-GM. Also, rhu IL-4 at low concentrations enhanced release of CSF and at higher concentrations the release also of suppressor molecules from human monocytes and PHA-stimulated human T lymphocytes. Use of specific CSF antibodies suggested that rhu IL-4 was enhancing the release of G-CSF and CSF-1 from monocytes and the release of GM-CSF and possibly G-CSF from PHA-stimulated T lymphocytes. Use of antibodies for TNF-α, IFN-γ, or TNF-β as well as measurement of TNF and IFN titers suggested that the suppressor molecule(s) released from monocytes were acting with TNF-α and those released from PHA-stimulated T lymphocytes were acting with IFN-γ. These results implicate B cell growth factor-1/IL-4 as a synergistic activity for hematopoietic progenitors and suggest that the actions can be on both progenitor and accessory cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3852-3862
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 1 1988


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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