Synergistic induction of phospholipid metabolism by granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor and steel factor in human growth factor-dependent cell line, M07e

C. Mantel, Z. Luo, H. E. Broxmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Steel factor (SLF), the ligand for the c-kit protooncogene tyrosine kinase receptor, synergizes with several hematopoietic growth factors to produce greatly enhanced proliferation of normal human hematopoietic progenitor cells as well as that of the human growth factor-dependent myeloid cell line, M07e. The mechanisms of this phenomenon remain unknown. In an attempt to understand the cellular processes relevant to this phenomenon, we examined the effects of SLF and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on induced lipid metabolism in M07e cells. We find that both GM-CSF and SLF induced increased phosphatidylcholine (PC) turnover rates (biosynthesis and degradation) as measured by increased [3H]-choline labelling, with SLF being more potent stimulation. The labelling of aqueous intermediates of PC metabolism was also increased by cytokine stimulation, most notably phosphocholine. Simultaneous stimulation with GM-CSF plus SLF resulted in a true synergistic induction of PC, lysoPC, and phosphocholine labelling. GM-CSF and SLF each induced asymmetric labelling of various phospholipid classes as measured by incorporation of different [3H]-fatty acids. [3H]-myristic acid labelling of phosphatidylserine was most prominently induced (approximately 12-fold). Cytosolic choline kinase activity was also upregulated more than twofold over control by SLF, which might contribute to the increased phosphocholine labelling. These effects may have relevance to the intracellular mechanisms of the synergistic proliferative stimulation of SLF plus GM-CSF on M07e cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-647
Number of pages7
JournalLipids
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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