Synthesis and biodistribution of lipophilic and monocationic gallium radiopharmaceuticals derived from N,N′-bis(3-aminopropyl)-N,N′-dimethylethylenediamine: potential agents for PET myocardial imaging with 68Ga

Yui May Hsiao, Carla J. Mathias, Shiaw Pyng Wey, Phillip E. Fanwick, Mark A. Green

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Introduction: In locations that lack nearby cyclotron facilities for radionuclide production, generator-based 68Ga radiopharmaceuticals might have clinical utility for positron emission tomography (PET) studies of myocardial perfusion and other physiological processes. Methods: The lipophilic and monocationic 67Ga-labeled gallium chelates of five novel hexadentate bis(salicylaldimine) ligands the bis(salicylaldimine), bis(3-methoxysalicylaldimine), bis(4-methoxysalicylaldimine), bis(6-meth,oxysalicylaldimine), and bis(4,6-dimethoxysalicylaldimine) of N,N′-bis(3-aminopropyl)-N,N′-dimethylethylenediamine (BAPDMEN), were prepared. The structure of the unlabeled [Ga(4-MeOsal)2BAPDMEN]+PF6- salt was determined by X-ray crystallography, and the biodistribution of each of the 67Ga-labeled gallium chelates was determined in rats following intravenous administration and compared with the biodistribution of [86Rb]rubidium chloride. Results: The [Ga(4-MeOsal)2BAPDMEN]+PF6- complex exhibited the expected pseudo-octahedral N4O22- coordination sphere about the Ga3+ center with a trans disposition of the phenolate oxygen atoms. All five 67Ga radiopharmaceuticals were found to afford the desired myocardial retention of the radiogallium. The [67/68Ga][Ga(3-MeOsal)2BAPDMEN]1+ radiopharmaceutical appears to have the best properties for myocardial imaging, exhibiting 2% of the injected dose in the heart 1 min and 2 h postinjection and very high heart/nontarget ratios (heart/blood ratios of 7.6±1.0 and 54±10 at 1 and 120 min, respectively; heart/liver ratios of 1.8±0.4 and 39±3 at 1 and 120 min, respectively). Conclusions: Most of these new agents, particularly [67/68Ga][Ga(3-MeOsal)2BAPDMEN]1+, would appear superior to previously reported bis(salicylaldimine) ligands of N,N′-bis(3-aminopropyl)ethylenediamine as candidates for PET imaging of the heart with 68Ga.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009



  • Gallium-68
  • Myocardial imaging
  • Positron emission tomography, PET
  • Radiopharmaceuticals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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