Synthesis and initial PET imaging of new potential NK1 receptor radioligands 1-[2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-benzyloxy)-1-phenyl-ethyl]-4-[ 11C]methyl-piperazine and {4-[2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-benzyloxy)- 1-phenyl-ethyl]-piperazine-1-yl}-acetic acid [11C]methyl ester

Mingzhang Gao, Bruce H. Mock, Gary D. Hutchins, Qi Huang Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


The NK1 receptor radioligands 1-[2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl- benzyloxy)-1-phenyl-ethyl]-4-[11C]methyl-piperazine ([ 11C]BMP, [11C]1) and {4-[2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl- benzyloxy)-1-phenyl-ethyl]-piperazine-1-yl}-acetic acid [11C]methyl ester ([11C]BME, [11C]2) were synthesized for evaluation as new potential PET imaging agents for brain NK1 receptors. The new tracers [11C]BMP and [11C]BME were prepared by N-[ 11C]methylation and O-[11C]methylation of corresponding precursors 1-[2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-benzyloxy)-1-phenyl-ethyl]-piperazine and {4-[2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-benzyloxy)-1-phenyl-ethyl]-piperazine-1-yl}- acetic acid using [11C]methyl triflate and isolated by solid-phase extraction (SPE) purification procedure with 40-55% radiochemical yields, decay corrected to end of bombardment, and a synthesis time of 15-20 min. The initial PET dynamic studies of the tracers [11C]1 and [11C]2 in rats were performed using an animal PET scanner, IndyPET-II, developed in our laboratory. The results show the tracer [11C]BMP had better uptake in the animal brain than the tracer [11C]BME and gave higher quality rat brain images. Blocking studies by intravenous coinjection of hot tracer [11C]BMP with cold drug BMP had no effect on [11C]BMP-PET rat brain imaging. Likewise, blocking studies by intravenous coinjection of hot tracer [11C]BME with cold drug BME also showed no effect on [ 11C]BME-PET rat brain imaging. These results suggest that the localization of [11C]BMP and [11C]BME in rat brain is mediated by nonspecific processes, and the visualization of [ 11C]BMP-PET and [11C]BME-PET on rat brain is related to nonspecific binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-552
Number of pages10
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005


  • 1-[2-(3,5-Bis-trifluoromethyl-benzyloxy)-1-phenyl-ethyl]-4-[ C]methyl-piperazine
  • Brain
  • Positron emission tomography
  • {4-[2-(3,5-Bis-trifluoromethyl-benzyloxy)-1- phenyl-ethyl]-piperazine-1-yl}-acetic acid [C]methyl ester

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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