Systematic review of functional training on muscle strength, physical functioning, and activities of daily living in older adults

Chiung ju Liu, Deepika M. Shiroy, Leah Y. Jones, Daniel O. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exercise programs are often recommended for preventing or delaying late-life disability. Programs that incorporate functional training, which uses movements similar to performing activities of daily living, may be suitable for such recommendation. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the effects of functional training on muscle strength, physical functioning, and activities of daily living in older adults. Studies in three electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus) were searched, screened, and appraised. Thirteen studies were included in the review. These studies vary greatly in participant recruitment criteria, functional training content, and selection of comparison groups. Mobility exercises were the most common element in functional training across studies. Results show beneficial effects on muscle strength, balance, mobility, and activities of daily living, particularly when the training content was specific to that outcome. Functional training may be used to improve functional performance in older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-106
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Review of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Disability
  • Exercise
  • Functional training
  • Older adults
  • Physical functioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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