Stimulation of the T cell receptor-CD3 complex activates multiple signal transduction pathways, including serine/threonine and tyrosine protein kinases. Stimulation of the human T cell line Jurkat via the T cell receptor-CD3 complex with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody or incubation with the tumor promoter phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate caused increases in S6 kinase and microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP) kinase activities. An S6 kinase activity that was able to phosphorylate exogenous 40S ribosomal S6 protein was recovered in immunoprecipitates obtained using a 90-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase-specific antiserum and thus represents activation of a member of the 90-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase family. Stimulation of the S6 kinase activity correlated with an increase in a kinase activity able to phosphorylate exogenous 90-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase (rsk) attributed to a MAP kinase activity. These increases in S6 and MAP kinase activities further correlated with the appearance of a 42-kDa phosphoprotein detected by anti-phosphotyrosine immunoblotting. However, while the tyrosine phosphorylation of the 42-kDa protein and the MAP kinase activity are dependent on protein kinase C activity, residual S6 kinase activity can be detected following protein kinase C depletion and subsequent anti-CD3 stimulation. Thus, T cell activation through the T cell receptor-CD3 complex results in activation of a member of the 90-kDa S6 kinase family which correlates with, but can be independent of, MAP kinase activation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy