Talker-specific learning in speech perception

Lynne C. Nygaard, David Pisoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

317 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of perceptual learning of talker identity on the recognition of spoken words and sentences were investigated in three experiments. In each experiment, listeners were trained to learn a set of 10 talkers' voices and were then given an intelligibility test to assess the influence of learning the voices on the processing of the linguistic content of speech. In the first experiment, listeners learned voices from isolated words and were then tested with novel isolated words mixed in noise. The results showed that listeners who were given words produced by familiar talkers at test showed better identification performance than did listeners who were given words produced by unfamiliar talkers. In the second experiment, listeners learned novel voices from sentence-length utterances and were then presented with isolated words. The results showed that learning a talker's voice from sentences did not generalize well to identification of novel isolated words. In the third experiment, listeners learned voices from sentence-length utterances and were then given sentence-length utterances produced by familiar and unfamiliar talkers at test. We found that perceptual learning of novel voices from sentence-length utterances improved speech intelligibility for words in sentences. Generalization and transfer from voice learning to linguistic processing was found to be sensitive to the talker-specific information available during learning and test. These findings demonstrate that increased sensitivity to talker-specific information affects the perception of the linguistic properties of speech in isolated words and sentences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-376
Number of pages22
JournalPerception & Psychophysics
Volume60
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1998

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Speech Perception
listener
Learning
experiment
learning
Linguistics
linguistics
Speech Intelligibility
available information
Talkers
Noise
Listeners
Experiment
performance
Sentence Length
Utterance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Talker-specific learning in speech perception. / Nygaard, Lynne C.; Pisoni, David.

In: Perception & Psychophysics, Vol. 60, No. 3, 04.1998, p. 355-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nygaard, Lynne C. ; Pisoni, David. / Talker-specific learning in speech perception. In: Perception & Psychophysics. 1998 ; Vol. 60, No. 3. pp. 355-376.
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