Target cell-induced perforin mRNA turnover in NK3.3 cells is mediated by multiple elements within the mRNA coding region

W. Scott Goebel, Robert H. Schloemer, Zacharie Brahmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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We have previously shown that in cytolytic cells exposed to sensitive targets the mRNA of the cytolytic protein perforin undergoes rapid downregulation. We now demonstrate that perforin message undergoes accelerated turnover in NK3.3 cells exposed to sensitive TC. This inducible mRNA decay phenomenon is specific for cytolytic protein messages, as levels of the constitutive message β-actin are unchanged. This TC-induced perforin mRNA turnover cannot be attributed to a blockage of RNA synthesis, or to a rapid half-life (t( 1/2 )). To determine the region(s) within the perforin transcript responsible for governing this TC-mediated turnover event, various segments of the perforin cDNA were cloned and inserted into the 3' UTR of rabbit beta globin (RG). Constructs containing perforin coding region cDNA, but not 3' UTR cDNA, mediated TC-induced mRNA turnover. These data indicate that multiple elements governing perforin mRNA stability reside within the coding region, a novel type of mRNA regulation not previously described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-349
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Immunology
Issue number4-5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996



  • mRNA turnover
  • NK cells
  • perforin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Immunology

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