Targeting mannitol metabolism as an alternative antimicrobial strategy based on the structure-function study of mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase in Staphylococcus aureus

Thanh Nguyen, Truc Kim, Hai Minh Ta, Won Sik Yeo, Jongkeun Choi, Pushpak Mizar, Seung Seo Lee, Taeok Bae, Akhilesh Kumar Chaurasia, Kyeong Kyu Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase (M1PDH) is a key enzyme in Staphylococcus aureus mannitol metabolism, but its roles in pathophysiological settings have not been established. We performed comprehensive structure-function analysis of M1PDH from S. aureus USA300, a strain of community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus, to evaluate its roles in cell viability and virulence under pathophysiological conditions. On the basis of our results, we propose M1PDH as a potential antibacterial target. In vitro cell viability assessment of ΔmtlD knockout and complemented strains confirmed that M1PDH is essential to endure pH, highsalt, and oxidative stress and thus that M1PDH is required for preventing osmotic burst by regulating pressure potential imposed by mannitol. The mouse infection model also verified that M1PDH is essential for bacterial survival during infection. To further support the use of M1PDH as an antibacterial target, we identified dihydrocelastrol (DHCL) as a competitive inhibitor of S. aureus M1PDH (SaM1PDH) and confirmed that DHCL effectively reduces bacterial cell viability during host infection. To explain physiological functions of SaM1PDH at the atomic level, the crystal structure of SaM1PDH was determined at 1.7-Å resolution. Structure-based mutation analyses and DHCL molecular docking to the SaM1PDH active site followed by functional assay identified key residues in the active site and provided the action mechanism of DHCL. Collectively, we propose SaM1PDH as a target for antibiotic development based on its physiological roles with the goals of expanding the repertory of antibiotic targets to fight antimicrobial resistance and providing essential knowledge for developing potent inhibitors of SaM1PDH based on structure-function studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere02660-18
JournalmBio
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Keywords

  • Antibiotic target
  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Crystal structure
  • Inhibitor
  • Mannitol
  • Mannitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Virulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Virology

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