Targeting the tumor-associated folate receptor with an 111In- DTPA conjugate of pteroic acid

Chun Yen Ke, Carla J. Mathias, Mark A. Green

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Abstract

The cell membrane folate receptor is a potential molecular target for tumor-selective drug delivery. To probe structural requirements for folate receptor targeting with low molecular weight radiometal chelates, specifically the role of the amino acid fragment of folic acid (pteroylglutamic acid) in mediating targeting selectivity, the amide-linked conjugate pteroyl-NHCH 2CH2OCH2CH2OCH2CH 2NH-DTPA was prepared by a three-step procedure from pteroic acid, 2,2′-(ethylenedioxy)-bis(ethylamine), and t-Bu-protected DTPA. This conjugate, 1-{2-[2-[(2-(biscarboxymethyl-amino)ethyl)-carboxymethyl-amino]ethyl] -carboxymethyl-amino}-acetylamino-3,6-dioxa-8-pteroylamino-octane (1), was employed for synthesis of the corresponding 111In(III) radiopharmaceutical. Following intravenous administration to athymic mice, the 111In complex of 1 was found to selectively localize in folate receptor-positive human KB tumor xenografts and to afford prolonged tumor retention of the 111In radiolabel (5.4 ± 0.8, 5.6 ± 1.1, and 3.6 ± 0.6% of the injected dose per gram of tumor at 1, 4, and 24 h, respectively). The observed tumor localization was effectively blocked by co-administration of folic acid with the 111In-1 complex, consistent with a folate receptor-mediated targeting process. In control studies, tumor targeting with this pteroic acid conjugate appears as effective as that seen using 111In-DTPA-folate, a radiopharmaceutical that has progressed to clinical trials for detection of folate receptor-expressing gynecological tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7421-7426
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume127
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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