The papillomavirus E2 proteins regulate viral replication, gene transcription, and genome maintenance by interacting with other viral and host proteins. From a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified the cellular protein Tax1BP1 as a novel binding partner of human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV18) E2. Tax1BP1 also interacts with the HPV16 and bovine papillomavirus type 1 (BPV1) E2 proteins, with the C-terminal region of Tax1BP1 interacting with the N-terminal transactivation domain of BPV1 E2. Tax1BP1 complexes with p300 and acts synergistically as a coactivator with p300 to enhance E2-dependent transcription. Using chromatin immuno- precipitation assays, we show that Tax1BP1 and E2 localize to the long control region on the BPV1 genome. Tax1BP1 was recently reported to bind ubiquitin and to function as an essential component of an A20 ubiquitin-editing complex. We demonstrate that Tax1BP1 plays a role in the regulation of the steady-state level of E2 by preventing its proteasomal degradation. These studies provide new insights into the regulation of E2 functions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science