Background. Recent clinical trials have documented activity for combinations of chemotherapeutic agents that target the microtubular apparatus in patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Taxol has a novel antimicrotubular mechanism, acting by stabilizing polymerized tubulin. Methods. Twenty-three patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer and bidimensionally measurable disease were treated with Taxol by 24-hour continuous infusion at 135-170 mg/M2 every 21 days for a maximum of 6 cycles. Results. Eighty-five courses of Taxol were administered to 23 patients. One patient (4.3%) experienced a partial response lasting 9 months, and four other patients with radiographically stable disease had minor reductions in the serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) of 16-24%. Eleven patients (47.8%) had stable disease, and progressive disease developed in 9 patients (39.1%) during therapy. Median survival was 9 months. Leukopenia was the dose-limiting toxicity with 13% of patients having Grade 3 and 61% having Grade 4 toxicity, and granulocytopenic fever developed in 26%. Three patients experienced sudden cardiovascular events while participating in the study, including one patient with a nonfatal, non-Q-wave myocardial infarction that occurred during a taxol infusion, and two patients who had sudden deaths 9 days and 30 days after receiving their last taxol dose, respectively. Conclusions. In the subset of patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer and bidimensionally measurable disease, Taxol at this dosage has only minor activity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Oct 15 1993|
- medical oncology
- prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research