Teaching patient communication skills to medical students: A review of randomized controlled trials

Sherilyn Smith, Janice L. Hanson, Linda R. Tewksbury, Cynthia Christy, Nasreen J. Talib, Mitchell Harris, Gary L. Beck, Fredric M. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tools to examine the effects of teaching interventions across a variety of studies are needed. The authors perform a meta-analysis of 24 randomized controlled trials evaluating the effects of teaching on medical students' patient communication skills. Study quality is rated using a modified Jadad score, and standardized mean difference effect size (d) measures are calculated. Fifteen of 24 studies have sufficient data for analysis. Students' ability to establish rapport improves after teaching. The effects are large when the teaching intervention was small group discussion (n = 5) or giving structured feedback on a student-patient interview (n = 6). A similar effect of teaching is seen on student data gathering skills (n = 5). Teaching medical students patient communication skills using small group discussion or providing feedback on a student-patient interview results in improvement in student performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-21
Number of pages19
JournalEvaluation and the Health Professions
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007

Fingerprint

communication skills
Medical Students
medical student
Teaching
Randomized Controlled Trials
Communication
Students
student
group discussion
small group
Interviews
Aptitude
interview
Meta-Analysis
ability
performance

Keywords

  • Medical student
  • Meta-analysis
  • Patient communication skills
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Teaching patient communication skills to medical students : A review of randomized controlled trials. / Smith, Sherilyn; Hanson, Janice L.; Tewksbury, Linda R.; Christy, Cynthia; Talib, Nasreen J.; Harris, Mitchell; Beck, Gary L.; Wolf, Fredric M.

In: Evaluation and the Health Professions, Vol. 30, No. 1, 03.2007, p. 3-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, Sherilyn ; Hanson, Janice L. ; Tewksbury, Linda R. ; Christy, Cynthia ; Talib, Nasreen J. ; Harris, Mitchell ; Beck, Gary L. ; Wolf, Fredric M. / Teaching patient communication skills to medical students : A review of randomized controlled trials. In: Evaluation and the Health Professions. 2007 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 3-21.
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