"Telementoring" en el quirófano: Un nuevo enfoque en la formación médica

Translated title of the contribution: Telementoring systems in the operating room: A new approach in medical training

Juan P. Wachs, Gerardo Gomez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


This paper discusses the challenges and innovations related to the use of telementoring systems in the operating room. Most of the systems presented leverage on three types of interaction channels: audio, visual and physical. The audio channel enables the mentor to verbally instruct the trainee, and allows the trainee to ask questions. The visual channel is used to deliver annotations, alerts and other messages graphically to the trainee during the surgery. These visual representations are often displayed through a telestrator. The physical channel has been used in laparoscopic procedures by partially controlling the laparoscope through force-feedback. While in face to face instruction, the mentor produces gestures to convey certain aspects of the surgical instruction, there is not equivalent of this form of physical interaction between the mentor and trainee in open surgical procedures in telementoring systems. Even that the trend is to perform more minimally invasive surgery (MIS), trauma surgeries are still necessary, where initial resuscitation and stabilization of the patient in a timely manner is crucial. This paper presents a preliminary study conducted at the Indiana University Medical School and Purdue University, where initial lexicons of surgical instructive gestures (SIGs) were determined through systematic observation when mentor and trainee operate together. The paper concludes with potential ways to convey gestural information through surgical robots.

Translated title of the contributionTelementoring systems in the operating room: A new approach in medical training
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)539-542
Number of pages4
JournalMedicina (Argentina)
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013


  • Computer technology
  • Gestures
  • Operating room
  • Surgical instruction
  • Surgical robotics
  • Telementoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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