Temporal and spatial appearance of α‐dystroglycan in differentiated mouse myoblasts in culture

Tatiana Y. Kostrominova, Marvin L. Tanzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The dystrophin‐glycoprotein complex plays an important role in muscle function. One of the components of the complex, a 156‐kDa cell surface glycoprotein (α‐dystroglycan) binds to laminin, thereby connecting the basal lamina and muscle cells. We have examined the progressive appearance of α‐dystroglycan and laminin in muscle cells that differentiate in culture. We find that nondifferentiated cultures of C2C12 myoblasts express low amounts of dystroglycan mRNA and, in contrast, this gene is prominently expressed in differentiated myotubes. Immunofluorescence analysis with a monoclonal antibody against α‐dystroglycan shows its progressive appearance during myoblast differentiation into myotubes. Immunostaining with a monoclonal antibody against laminin shows that it is not present on the surface of undifferentiated myoblasts. Subsequently, laminin becomes apparent on the surface of differentiated myotubes where it codistributes with immunostained α‐dystroglycan identifies a broad band of about 140–160 kDa, resembling α‐dystroglycan from rabbit muscle. The composite results indicate that α‐dystroglycan and laminin appear and become co‐distributed on the surface of cultured C2C12 during the progression of differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-534
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1995

Keywords

  • differentiation
  • laminin
  • myoblasts
  • α‐dystroglycan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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