Tetracycline-incorporated polymer nanofibers as a potential dental implant surface modifier

Marco C. Bottino, Eliseu A. Münchow, Maria T P Albuquerque, Krzysztof Kamocki, Rana Shahi, Richard Gregory, T.M. Gabriel Chu, Divya Pankajakshan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated the antimicrobial and osteogenic properties of titanium (Ti) disks superficially modified with tetracycline (TCH)-incorporated polymer nanofibers. The experiments were carried out in two phases. The first phase dealt with the synthesis and characterization (i.e., morphology, mechanical strength, drug release, antimicrobial activity, and cytocompatibility) of TCH-incorporated fibers. The second phase was dedicated to evaluating both the antimicrobial and murine-derived osteoprecursor cell (MC3T3-E1) response of Ti-modified with TCH-incorporated fibers. TCH was successfully incorporated into the submicron-sized and cytocompatible fibers. All TCH-incorporated mats presented significant antimicrobial activity against periodontal pathogens. The antimicrobial potential of the TCH-incorporated fibers-modified Ti was influenced by both the TCH concentration and bacteria tested. At days 5 and 7, a significant increase in MC3T3-E1 cell number was observed for TCH-incorporated nanofibers-modified Ti disks when compared to that of TCH-free nanofibers-modified Ti-disks and bare Ti. A significant increase in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels on the Ti disks modified with TCH-incorporated nanofiber on days 7 and 14 was seen, suggesting that the proposed surface promotes early osteogenic differentiation. Collectively, the data suggest that TCH-incorporated nanofibers could function as an antimicrobial surface modifier and osteogenic inducer for Ti dental implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial
  • Coating
  • Electrospinning
  • Nanofibers
  • Osteoblasts
  • Tetracycline
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials

Cite this