TG-69: Radiographic film for megavoltage beam dosimetry

Sujatha Pai, Indra J. Das, James F. Dempsey, Kwok L. Lam, Thomas J. LoSasso, Arthur J. Olch, Jatinder R. Palta, Lawrence E. Reinstein, Dan Ritt, Ellen E. Wilcox

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


TG-69 is a task group report of the AAPM on the use of radiographic film for dosimetry. Radiographic films have been used for radiation dosimetry since the discovery of x-rays and have become an integral part of dose verification for both routine quality assurance and for complex treatments such as soft wedges (dynamic and virtual), intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), image guided radiation therapy (IGRT), and small field dosimetry like stereotactic radiosurgery. Film is convenient to use, spatially accurate, and provides a permanent record of the integrated two dimensional dose distributions. However, there are several challenges to obtaining high quality dosimetric results with film, namely, the dependence of optical density on photon energy, field size, depth, film batch sensitivity differences, film orientation, processing conditions, and scanner performance. Prior to the clinical implementation of a film dosimetry program, the film, processor, and scanner need to be tested to characterize them with respect to these variables. Also, the physicist must understand the basic characteristics of all components of film dosimetry systems. The primary mission of this task group report is to provide guidelines for film selection, irradiation, processing, scanning, and interpretation to allow the physicist to accurately and precisely measure dose with film. Additionally, we present the basic principles and characteristics of film, processors, and scanners. Procedural recommendations are made for each of the steps required for film dosimetry and guidance is given regarding expected levels of accuracy. Finally, some clinical applications of film dosimetry are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2228-2258
Number of pages31
JournalMedical physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'TG-69: Radiographic film for megavoltage beam dosimetry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this