The adaptation of enkephalin, tachykinin and monoamine neurons of the basal ganglia following neonatal dopaminergic denervation is dependent on the extent of dopamine depletion

Subbiah Sivam, J. E. Krause

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Abstract

This study examined whether dopamine (DA) is necessary for the normal development of striatal enkephalin and striatonigral tachykinin peptide systems. The neurotoxin, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was used to induce DA deficiency on the third day of the postnatal period in Sprague-Dawley rat pups. The animals were sacrificed at 60 days of age. The levels of Met5-enkephalin (ME) and substance P (SP) were determined by radioimmunoassay and preproenkephalin (PPE) and preprotachykinin (PPT) mRNA abundance in the striatum were assessed by hybridization analysis. The concentrations of DA, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and their acid metabolites were determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. The lesioned animals were grouped on the basis of the degree of loss of DA, and changes in ME, SP and 5-HT systems were correlated with respect to the degree of DA loss. The nature and extent of the changes in these systems were dependent on the degree of DA depletion. A loss of more than 90% DA was necessary to result in increased levels of ME and its PPE mRNA and reduced levels of SP and its PPT mRNAs; however, increased levels of 5-HT could be observed at a lower degree of DA loss. The results indicate that the normal development of enkephalin and tachykinin and 5-HT systems of basal ganglia are dependent on the availability of DA and/or the integrity of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. The results are relevant to our further understanding of the neurobiology of DA deficiency disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-175
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research
Volume536
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 1990

Fingerprint

Tachykinins
Enkephalins
Denervation
Basal Ganglia
Dopamine
Neurons
Serotonin
Substance P
Oxidopamine
Messenger RNA
Corpus Striatum
Neurobiology
Dopaminergic Neurons
Neurotoxins
Radioimmunoassay
Sprague Dawley Rats
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography

Keywords

  • 5-Hydroxytryptamine
  • 6-Hydroxydopamine
  • Dopamine
  • Dopamine deficiency
  • High-performance liquid chromatography
  • Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
  • Met-enkephalin
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Preproenkephalin
  • Preprptachykinin
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Striatum
  • Substance P
  • Substantia nigra

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "The adaptation of enkephalin, tachykinin and monoamine neurons of the basal ganglia following neonatal dopaminergic denervation is dependent on the extent of dopamine depletion",
abstract = "This study examined whether dopamine (DA) is necessary for the normal development of striatal enkephalin and striatonigral tachykinin peptide systems. The neurotoxin, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was used to induce DA deficiency on the third day of the postnatal period in Sprague-Dawley rat pups. The animals were sacrificed at 60 days of age. The levels of Met5-enkephalin (ME) and substance P (SP) were determined by radioimmunoassay and preproenkephalin (PPE) and preprotachykinin (PPT) mRNA abundance in the striatum were assessed by hybridization analysis. The concentrations of DA, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and their acid metabolites were determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. The lesioned animals were grouped on the basis of the degree of loss of DA, and changes in ME, SP and 5-HT systems were correlated with respect to the degree of DA loss. The nature and extent of the changes in these systems were dependent on the degree of DA depletion. A loss of more than 90{\%} DA was necessary to result in increased levels of ME and its PPE mRNA and reduced levels of SP and its PPT mRNAs; however, increased levels of 5-HT could be observed at a lower degree of DA loss. The results indicate that the normal development of enkephalin and tachykinin and 5-HT systems of basal ganglia are dependent on the availability of DA and/or the integrity of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. The results are relevant to our further understanding of the neurobiology of DA deficiency disorders.",
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T1 - The adaptation of enkephalin, tachykinin and monoamine neurons of the basal ganglia following neonatal dopaminergic denervation is dependent on the extent of dopamine depletion

AU - Sivam, Subbiah

AU - Krause, J. E.

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N2 - This study examined whether dopamine (DA) is necessary for the normal development of striatal enkephalin and striatonigral tachykinin peptide systems. The neurotoxin, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was used to induce DA deficiency on the third day of the postnatal period in Sprague-Dawley rat pups. The animals were sacrificed at 60 days of age. The levels of Met5-enkephalin (ME) and substance P (SP) were determined by radioimmunoassay and preproenkephalin (PPE) and preprotachykinin (PPT) mRNA abundance in the striatum were assessed by hybridization analysis. The concentrations of DA, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and their acid metabolites were determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. The lesioned animals were grouped on the basis of the degree of loss of DA, and changes in ME, SP and 5-HT systems were correlated with respect to the degree of DA loss. The nature and extent of the changes in these systems were dependent on the degree of DA depletion. A loss of more than 90% DA was necessary to result in increased levels of ME and its PPE mRNA and reduced levels of SP and its PPT mRNAs; however, increased levels of 5-HT could be observed at a lower degree of DA loss. The results indicate that the normal development of enkephalin and tachykinin and 5-HT systems of basal ganglia are dependent on the availability of DA and/or the integrity of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. The results are relevant to our further understanding of the neurobiology of DA deficiency disorders.

AB - This study examined whether dopamine (DA) is necessary for the normal development of striatal enkephalin and striatonigral tachykinin peptide systems. The neurotoxin, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was used to induce DA deficiency on the third day of the postnatal period in Sprague-Dawley rat pups. The animals were sacrificed at 60 days of age. The levels of Met5-enkephalin (ME) and substance P (SP) were determined by radioimmunoassay and preproenkephalin (PPE) and preprotachykinin (PPT) mRNA abundance in the striatum were assessed by hybridization analysis. The concentrations of DA, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and their acid metabolites were determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. The lesioned animals were grouped on the basis of the degree of loss of DA, and changes in ME, SP and 5-HT systems were correlated with respect to the degree of DA loss. The nature and extent of the changes in these systems were dependent on the degree of DA depletion. A loss of more than 90% DA was necessary to result in increased levels of ME and its PPE mRNA and reduced levels of SP and its PPT mRNAs; however, increased levels of 5-HT could be observed at a lower degree of DA loss. The results indicate that the normal development of enkephalin and tachykinin and 5-HT systems of basal ganglia are dependent on the availability of DA and/or the integrity of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. The results are relevant to our further understanding of the neurobiology of DA deficiency disorders.

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KW - Parkinson's disease

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KW - Preprptachykinin

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KW - Substance P

KW - Substantia nigra

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