Context: Excess adipose tissue is a source of inflammation. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a proinflammatory state and is often associated with excess abdominal adiposity (AA) alone and/or frank obesity.
Objective: To determine the effect of glucose ingestiononcytokine release from mononuclear cells (MNC) in women with PCOS with and without excess AA and/or obesity.
Design: A cross-sectional study.
Setting: Academic medical center.
Patients: Twenty-three women with PCOS (seven normal weight with normal AA, eight normal weight with excess AA, eight obese) and 24 ovulatory controls (eight normal weight with normal AA, eight normal weight with excess AA, eight obese).
Intervention: Three-hour 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
Main Outcome Measures: Body composition was measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Insulin sensitivity was derived from the OGTT (ISOGTT). TNFα, IL-6, and IL-1β release was measured in supernatants of cultured MNCisolated from blood sampledrawnwhile fastingand2 hours after glucose ingestion.
Results: Insulin sensitivity was lower in obese subjects regardless of PCOS status and in normal weight women with PCOS compared with normal-weight controls regardless of body composition status. In response to glucose ingestion, MNC-derived TNFα, IL-6, and IL-1β release decreased in both normal-weight control groups but failed to suppress in either normal-weight PCOS group and in obese women regardless of PCOS status. For the combined groups, the cytokine responses were negatively correlated with insulin sensitivity and positively correlated with abdominal fat and androgens.
Conclusions: Women with PCOS fail to suppress MNC-derived cytokine release in response to glucose ingestion, and this response is independent of excess adiposity. Nevertheless, a similar response is also a feature of obesity per se. Circulating MNC and excess adipose tissue are separate and distinct sources of inflammation in this population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical