The Association between Cognition and Academic Performance in Ugandan Children Surviving Malaria with Neurological Involvement

Paul Bangirana, Jeremiah Menk, Chandy John, Michael J. Boivin, James S. Hodges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The contribution of different cognitive abilities to academic performance in children surviving cerebral insult can guide the choice of interventions to improve cognitive and academic outcomes. This study's objective was to identify which cognitive abilities are associated with academic performance in children after malaria with neurological involvement. Methods: 62 Ugandan children with a history of malaria with neurological involvement were assessed for cognitive ability (working memory, reasoning, learning, visual spatial skills, attention) and academic performance (reading, spelling, arithmetic) three months after the illness. Linear regressions were fit for each academic score with the five cognitive outcomes entered as predictors. Adjusters in the analysis were age, sex, education, nutrition, and home environment. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and structural equation models (SEM) were used to determine the nature of the association between cognition and academic performance. Predictive residual sum of squares was used to determine which combination of cognitive scores was needed to predict academic performance. Results: In regressions of a single academic score on all five cognitive outcomes and adjusters, only Working Memory was associated with Reading (coefficient estimate = 0.36, 95% confidence interval = 0.10 to 0.63, p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere55653
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

academic achievement
Aptitude
cognition
malaria
Cognition
Malaria
Short-Term Memory
Data storage equipment
Reading
Factor analysis
Nutrition
Linear regression
Sex Education
Education
Structural Models
Statistical Factor Analysis
Linear Models
Confidence Intervals
nutrition education
confidence interval

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The Association between Cognition and Academic Performance in Ugandan Children Surviving Malaria with Neurological Involvement. / Bangirana, Paul; Menk, Jeremiah; John, Chandy; Boivin, Michael J.; Hodges, James S.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 8, No. 2, e55653, 01.02.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bangirana, Paul ; Menk, Jeremiah ; John, Chandy ; Boivin, Michael J. ; Hodges, James S. / The Association between Cognition and Academic Performance in Ugandan Children Surviving Malaria with Neurological Involvement. In: PLoS One. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 2.
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