The Association of Subjective Stress, Urinary Catecholamine Concentrations and PC Game Room Use and Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Limbs in Young Male Koreans

Jong Won Kang, Heon Kim, Soo Hun Cho, Myung Koo Lee, Yong Dae Kim, Hong Mei Nan, Chul Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


The use of PCs can cause health problems, including musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the upper limbs. This study was performed to investigate whether using PCs in PC game rooms may induce MSDs of the upper limbs. 284 young male Koreans were included. A self-administered, structured questionnaire was used to gather information about game room use, perceived subjective stress, and the symptoms related to MSDs. Urinary concentrations of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine were measured in spot urine. The symptom prevalence of MSDs of the upper limbs increased according to the increase of the duration of game room use. The intensity of perceived subjective stress showed a significant dose-response relationship with the frequency of MSDs symptoms in neck and shoulder areas. However, the urinary level of catecholamines was not significantly correlated with the symptom prevalence of MSDs in the upper limbs. These findings suggest that using PCs in game rooms produce physical stress on the upper limbs, strong enough to induce MSDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2003



  • Musculoskeletal Disorder
  • PC Game Room
  • Subjective Stress
  • Urinary Dopamine
  • Urinary Epinephrine
  • Urinary Norepinephrine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this