The C-termini of tubulin and the specific geometry of tubulin substrates influence the depolymerization activity of MCAK

Kathleen M. Hertzer, Claire E. Walczak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

MCAK is a Kinesin-13 that depolymerizes microtubules (MTs) and regulates MT dynamics. We used subtilisin-treated MTs (MTs lacking the C-termini of α- and β-tubulin) and alternative tubulin substrates to study which structural and geometrical features of the MT are critical for MCAK activity. We found that removal of the C-termini significantly decreased the efficiency of MCAK-induced depolymerization, which was not due to a reduction of end-specific binding. We also found that depolymerization of SMTs led to an increase in the stabilization of curved oligomeric tubulin products. Using alternative tubulin substrates with different geometries, we found that MCAK depolymerized parallel and anti-parallel tubulin sheets. However, MCAK did not depolymerize tubulin rings regardless of the presence or absence of the tubulin C-termini. We propose that localization of MCAK to the ends of MTs is independent of tubulin C-termini, that MCAK stabilizes a curved conformation at the end of the MT, and that efficient release of this complex is dependent on the presence of the C-termini of tubulin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2727-2737
Number of pages11
JournalCell Cycle
Volume7
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Keywords

  • Kinesin
  • Microtubules
  • Mitosis
  • Mitotic spindle
  • Motor protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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